Solanum americanum

Family:SOLANACEAE
Species:Solanum americanum Mill.
Common Name:AMERICAN BLACK NIGHTSHADE
Plant Notes:**
Status:Native, FACU (NWPL)
Specimen: View specimen details in the USF Herbarium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilySOLANACEAE
Genus Solanum
Species Solanum americanum Mill. - AMERICAN BLACK NIGHTSHADE

Citation

Citation SOLANUM AMERICANUM Miller, Gard. Dict., ed. 8. 1768.
Basionym: **
Type: VIRGINIA: Cult. in England, without data, Miller s.n. (lectotype: BM). Lectotypified by Edmonds, Kew Bull. 27: 103. 1972.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Alachua USF  
Bay NCU-Lit Lit-NCU: D'Arcy, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 61: 836-837. 1974.
Bradford FLAS  
Brevard USF  
Broward USF  
Calhoun USF  
Charlotte USF  
Citrus USF  
Clay USF  
Collier USF  
Columbia FLAS  
DeSoto USF  
Dixie FLAS  
Duval FLAS  
Escambia USF  
Franklin FLAS  
Gadsden GH  
Gilchrist FLAS  
Glades FLAS  
Hamilton FLAS  
Hardee USF  
Hendry USF  
Hernando USF  
Highlands FLAS  
Hillsborough USF  
Holmes FLAS  
Indian River USF  
Jackson USF  
Jefferson FLAS  
Lake USF  
Lee USF  
Leon USF  
Levy USF  
Madison FSU  
Manatee USF  
Marion USF  
Martin FTG  
Miami-Dade USF  
Monroe Keys USF  
Monroe Mainland FSU  
Nassau FLAS  
Okaloosa USF  
Okeechobee USF  
Orange USF  
Osceola USF  
Palm Beach FLAS  
Pasco USF  
Pinellas USF  
Polk USF  
Santa Rosa FLAS  
Sarasota USF  
Seminole USF  
St. Johns SMU-Lit Lit-SMU: D'Arcy, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 61: 836-837. 1974.
St. Lucie FLAS  
Sumter USF  
Suwannee FLAS  
Taylor FLAS  
Volusia USF  
Wakulla USF  
Walton USF  

Synonyms

– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Solanum americanum subsp. nodiflorum Solanum americanum Miller, subsp. nodiflorum (Jacquin) R. J. F. Henderson, Austrobaileya 2: 555. 1988.BASIONYM: Solanum nodiflorum Jacquin 1788. 
Solanum americanum var. baylisii Solanum americanum Miller, var. baylisii D'Arcy, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 61: 837. 1974. TYPE: NEW ZEALAND: Cultivated, 1953, Momson s.n. (holotype: OTA).
Solanum americanum var. nodiflorum Solanum americanum Miller, var. nodiflorum (Jacquin) Edmonds, in Stearn, J. Arnold Arbor. 52: 634. 1971.BASIONYM: Solanum nodiflorum Jacquin 1788. 
Solanum nigrum var. americanum Solanum nigrum Linnaeus, var. americanum (Miller) O. E. Schulz, in Urban, Symb. Antill. 6: 160. 1909.BASIONYM: Solanum americanum Miller 1768. 
Solanum nigrum var. nodiflorum Solanum nigrum Linnaeus, var. nodiflorum (Jacquin) A. Gray, Syn. Fl. N. Amer. 2(1): 228. 1878.BASIONYM: Solanum nodiflorum Jacquin 1788. 
Solanum nodiflorum Solanum nodiflorum Jacquin, Collectanea 1: 100. 1788.  
Solanum ptychanthum Solanum ptychanthum Dunal, in de Candolle, Prodr. 13(1): 54. 1852. TYPE: GEORGIA: Without data (holotype: G-DC).
Solanum adventitium Solanum adventitium Polgar, Magyar Bot. Lapok 24: 18. 1925. TYPE: HUNGARY:
Solanum alatum Solanum alatum Moench, Methodus 474. 1794.BASIONYM: Solanum nigrum Linnaeus, var. virginicum Linnaeus 1753. 
Solanum amarantoides Solanum amarantoides Dunal, in de Candolle, Prodr. 13(1): 55. 1852. TYPE: BRAZIL: Without data, Gaudichaud-Beaupré 552 (holotype: P; isotype: MPU).
Solanum americanum var. patulum Solanum americanum Miller, var. patulum (Linnaeus) Edmonds, Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 75: 171. 1977.BASIONYM: Solanum nigrum Linnaeus, var. patulum Linnaeus 1753. 
Solanum calvum Solanum calvum Bitter, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 81. 1913. TYPE: MEXICO: Baja California Sur: Guadalupe Island, 1875, Palmer 60 (holotype: UPS).
Solanum caribaeum Solanum caribaeum Dunal, in de Candolle, Prodr. 13(1): 48. 1852. TYPE: JAMAICA: Without data (lectotype: G-DC). Lectotypified by D'Arcy, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60: 735. 1973.
Solanum curtipes Solanum curtipes Bitter, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11: 228. 1912. TYPE: PARAGUAY: San Bernardino, Aug 1900, Hassler 3104 (holotype: B(destroyed); isotyeps: G, K, NY, P).
Solanum fistulosum Solanum fistulosum Dunal, in de Candolle, Prodr. 13(1): 49. 1852. TYPE: BRAZIL: Without data, Herb. Richard s.n. (lectotype: P). Lectotypified by D'Arcy, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60: 735. 1973.
Solanum gollmeri Solanum gollmeri Bitter, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11: 202. 1912. TYPE: VENEZUELA: Without data, Gollmer s.n. (holotype: B(destroyed)).
Solanum inconspicuum Solanum inconspicuum Bitter, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11: 204. 1912. TYPE: PERU: Without data, Seler 222 (holotype: B(destroyed)).
Solanum indecorum Solanum indecorum A. Richard, in Sagra, Hist. Fis. Cuba, Bot. 11: 121. 1850. TYPE: CUBA:
Solanum inops Solanum inops Dunal, in de Candolle, Prodr. 13(1): 55. 1852. TYPE: MEXICO: Without data, Berlandier 46 (holotype: G-DC; isotypes: G, P).
Solanum luteum subsp. alatum Solanum luteum Miller, subsp. alatum (Moench) Dostal, Kvetena CSR 1270. 1949.BASIONYM: Solanum alatum Moench 1794; Solanum nigrum Linnaeus, var. virginicum Linnaeus 1753. 
Solanum merrillianum Solanum merillianum Liou, Contr. Inst. Bot. Natl. Acad. Peiping 3: 455. 1935. TYPE: CHINA: Hainan:
Solanum minutibaccatum Solanum minutibaccatum Bitter, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 10: 549. 1912. TYPE: BOLIVIA: La Paz: San Carlos near Mapiri, Aug 1907, Buchtien 1443 (holotype: GOET?).
Solanum nigrum subsp. alatum Solanum nigrum Linnaeus, subsp. alatum (Moench) Celakovsky, Prodr. Fl. Boehmen 309. 1871.BASIONYM: Solanum alatum Moench 1794; Solanum nigrum Linnaeus, var. virginicum Linnaeus 1753. 
Solanum nigrum var. oleraceum Solanum nigrum Linnaeus, var. oleraceum Hitchcock, Rep. (Annual) Missouri Bot. Gard. 4: 111. 1893.BASIONYM: Solanum olearceum Dunal 1852, non Vellozo 1829. 
Solanum nigrum var. virginicum Solanum nigrum Linnaeus, var. virginicum Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 186. 1753. TYPE: VIRGINIA: Without data (lectotype: Dillenius, Hort. Eltham. 2: t. 275(356). 1732). Lectotypified by Edmonds, in C. E. Jarvis, Order out of Chaos 861. 2007.
Solanum nodiflorum subsp. nutans Solanum nodiflorum Jacquin, subsp. nutans R. J. F. Henderson, Contr. Queensland Herb. 16: 30, t. 2. 1974. TYPE: AUSTRALIA:
Solanum nodiflorum var. acuminatum Solanum nodiflorum Jacquin, var. acuminatum Dunal, in de Candolle, Prodr. 13(1): 46. 1852. TYPE: BRAZIL: Minas Gerais: Without data, Vauthier 537 (lectotype: P). Lectotypified by D'Arcy, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60: 735. 1973.
Solanum nodiflorum var. acuminatum Solanum nodiflorum Jacquin, var. acuminatum Chodat, Bull. Herb. Boissier, ser. 2. 2: 811. 1902, non Dunal 1852. TYPE: PARAGUAY:
Solanum nodiflorum var. macrophyllum Solanum nodiflorum Jacquin, var. macrophyllum Dunal, in de Candolle, Prodr. 13(1): 46. 1852. TYPE: BRAZIL: Without data, Gaudichaud-Beaupré 521 (lectotype: P). Lectotypified by D'Arcy, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60: 735. 1973.
Solanum nodiflorum var. petiolastrum Solanum nodiflorum Jacquin, var. petiolastrum Dunal, in de Candolle, Prodr. 13(1): 46. 1852. TYPE: BRAZIL: Without data, Claussen 180 (holotype: P).
Solanum nodiflorum var. puberulum Solanum nodiflorum Jacquin, var. puberulum Dunal, in de Candolle, Prodr. 13(1): 46. 1852. TYPE: MEXICO: Without data, Berlandier 1904 (lectotype: G-DC; isolectotypes: G, P). Lectotypified by Edmonds, Kew Bull. 27: 103. 1972.
Solanum oleraceum Solanum oleraceum Dunal, in de Candolle, Prodr. 13(1): 50. 1852, non Vellozo 1829. TYPE: FRENCH GUIANA: Without data, Herb. Richard s.n. (lectotype: P; isolectotypes: G-DC, MPU). Lectotypified by D'Arcy, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60: 735. 1973.
Solanum parviflorum Solanum parviflorum Moris ex Badaro, Giorn. Fis., ser. 2. 7: 364. 1824, non Usteri 1793, nec Cavanilles 1795. TYPE: Without data, 1824, Badaro s.n. (lectotype: G-DC). Lectotypified by D'Arcy, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60: 735. 1973.
Solanum photeinocarpum Solanum photeinocarpum Nakamura & Odashima, J. Soc. Trop. Agric. 8: 54. 1936. TYPE: TAIWAN:
Solanum purpuratum Solanum purpuratum Bitter, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 85. 1913. TYPE: BAHAMAS: Andros Island: 28-31 Jan 1911, Small & Carter 8805 (holotype: P; isotypes: NY, US).
Solanum sciaphilum Solanum sciaphilum Bitter, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11: 220. 1912. TYPE: BRAZIL: Without data, Ule 1678 (holotype: B(destroyed)).
Solanum subspatulatum Solanum subspatulatum Sendtner, in Martius, Fl. Bras. 10: 45. 1846. TYPE: BRAZIL: Without data, Sello s.n. (lectotype: B). Lectotypified by D'Arcy, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60: 735. 1973.
Solanum tenellum Solanum tenellum Bitter, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11: 219. 1912. TYPE: BRAZIL:
Solanum triangulare Solanum triangulare Lamarck, Tabl. Encycl. 2: 18. 1794. TYPE: Without data, Herb. Lamarck s.n. (holotype: P). Lectotypified by D'Arcy, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60: 735. 1973.
Solanum villosum subsp. alatum Solanum villosum Miller, subsp. alatum (Moench) Edmonds, Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 75: 171. 1977.BASIONYM: Solanum alatum Moench 1794; Solanum nigrum Linnaeus, var. virginicum Linnaeus 1753.