Chiococca alba

Family:RUBIACEAE
Species:Chiococca alba (L.)Hitchc.
Common Name:SNOWBERRY; MILKBERRY
Plant Notes:Plants with smaller attributes (leaf tip obtuse to acute and not acuminate, to 4.5 x 3 cm, raceme few-flowered and subequal to shorter than the subtending leaf) have been variously ascribed to C. parvifolia or C. pinetorum (Long & Lakela 1971; Adams 1972; Correll & Correll 1982; Rogers 2005; Paudyal 2015), though seeming intergradation has also led to their synonymization (Acevedo-Rodríguez & Strong 2012).
Status:Native, FAC (DEP)
Specimen: View specimen details in the USF Herbarium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

Division
Class
Sub Class
Order GENTIANALES
FamilyRUBIACEAE
Genus Chiococca
Species Chiococca alba (L.)Hitchc. - SNOWBERRY; MILKBERRY

Citation

Citation CHIOCOCCA ALBA (Linnaeus) Hitchcock, Rep. (Annual) Missouri Bot. Gard. 4: 94. 1893.
Basionym: Lonicera alba Linnaeus 1753.
Type: **

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Brevard USF  
Broward USF  
Charlotte USF  
Citrus USF  
Collier USF  
DeSoto USF  
Dixie FSU  
Duval FLAS  
Flagler USF  
Hillsborough USF  
Indian River USF  
Lee USF  
Levy USF  
Manatee USF  
Martin USF  
Miami-Dade USF  
Monroe Keys USF  
Monroe Mainland USF  
Palm Beach USF  
Pasco USF  
Pinellas USF  
Polk USF  
Sarasota USF  
St. Johns USF  
St. Lucie USF  
Volusia USF  

Synonyms

– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Chiococca alba subsp. parvifolia Chiococca alba (Linnaeus) Hitchcock, subsp. parvifolia (Wullschlagel ex Grisebach) Steyermark, Acta Bot. Venez. 6: 138. 1972 ("1971").BASIONYM: Chiococca parvifolia Wullschlagel ex Grisebach 1861. 
Chiococca alba var. parvifolia Chiococca alba (Linnaeus) Hitchcock, var. parvifolia (Wullschlagel ex Grisebach) Urban, Symb. Antill. 8: 675. 1921.BASIONYM: Chiococca parvifolia Wullschlagel ex Grisebach 1861. 
Chiococca floridana Chiococca floridana Rafinesque, Alsogr. Amer. 75. 1838. TYPE: FLORIDA:
Chiococca parvifolia Chiococca parvifolia Wullschlagel ex Grisebach, Fl. Brit. W.I. 337. 1861.  
Chiococca pinetorum Chiococca pinetorum Britton, in Millspaugh, Publ. Field Columb. Mus., Bot. Ser. 2: 171. 1906. TYPE: BAHAMAS: New Providence: Harold Road, 1904, Britton & Brace 430 (holotype: NY).
Chiococca racemosa Chiococca racemosa Linnaeus, Syst. Nat., ed. 10. 917. 1759, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Lonicera alba Linnaeus 1753. 
Chiococca racemosa var. floridana Chiococca racemosa Linnaeus, var. floridana de Candolle, Prodr. 4: 482. 1830. SYNTYPE: FLORIDA:
Chiococca racemosa var. jacquiniana Chiococca racemosa Linnaeus, var. jacquiniana Grisebach, Fl. Brit. W.I. 337. 1861, nom. inadmiss.BASIONYM: Chiococca racemosa Linnaeus 1759, nom. illegit.; Lonicera alba Linnaeus 1753. 
Lonicera alba Lonicera alba Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 175. 1753.  
Chiococca alba forma pilosa Chiococca alba (Linnaeus) Hitchcock, forma pilosa Steyermark, Acta Bot. Venez. 6: 141. 1972 ("1971"). TYPE: VENEZUELA: Lara: Cercanias de Barquisimeto, 1923, Saer 4 (holotype: VEN).
Chiococca alba var. micrantha Chiococca alba (Linnaeus) Hitchcock, var. micrantha (J. R. Johnston) Steyermark, Acta Bot. Venez. 6: 141. 1972 ("1971").BASIONYM: Chiococca micrantha J. R. Johnston 1905. 
Chiococca anguifuga Chiococca anguifuga Martius, Denkschr. Königl. Akad. Wiss. München 9: 93. 1824. TYPE: BRAZIL: Minas Gerais:
Chiococca anguifuga var. pubescens Chiococca anguifuga Martius, var. pubescens (Humboldt & Bonpland ex Schultes) de Candolle, Prodr. 4: 483. 1830.BASIONYM: Chiococca pubescens Humboldt & Bonpland ex Schultes 1819. 
Chiococca bermudiana Chiococca bermudiana S. Brown, Proc. Acad. nat. Sci. Philadelphia 51: 493. 1910. TYPE: BERMUDA: N shore near Flatts, 31 Aug - 20 Sep 1905, Britton & Brown s.n. (holotype: PH; isotypes: A, F, Gh, NY, PH).
Chiococca brachiata Chiococca brachiata Ruiz López & Pavón, Fl. Peruv. 2: 67, pl. 219. 1799. TYPE: PERU:
Chiococca brachiata var. acuminata Chiococca brachiata Ruiz López & Pavón, var. acuminata Müller Argoviensis, in Martius, Fl. Bras. 6(5): 53. 1881. TYPE: BRAZIL:
Chiococca brachiata var. acutifolia Chiococca brachiata Ruiz López & Pavón, var. acutifolia Müller Argoviensis, in Martius, Fl. Bras. 6(5): 53. 1881. TYPE: BRAZIL:
Chiococca brachiata var. biformis Chiococca brachiata Ruiz López & Pavón, var. biformis Müller Argoviensis, in Martius, Fl. Bras. 6(5): 52. 1881. TYPE: BRAZIL:
Chiococca brachiata var. conjungens Chiococca brachiata Ruiz López & Pavón, var. conjungens Müller Argoviensis, in Martius, Fl. Bras. 6(5): 51. 1881. TYPE: BRAZIL:
Chiococca brachiata var. cubensis Chiococca brachiata Ruiz López & Pavón, var. cubensis (de Candolle) Müller Argoviensis, in Martius, Fl. Bras. 6(5): 54. 1881.BASIONYM: Chiococca densifolia Martius, var. cubensis de Candolle 1830. 
Chiococca brachiata var. densifolia Chiococca brachiata Ruiz López & Pavón, var. densifolia (Martius) Müller Argoviensis, in Martius, Fl. Bras. 6(5): 53. 1881.BASIONYM: Chiococca densifolia Martius 1824. 
Chiococca brachiata var. diplomorpha Chiococca brachiata Ruiz López & Pavón, var. diplomorpha Müller Argoviensis, in Martius, Fl. Bras. 6(5): 52. 1881. TYPE: BRAZIL:
Chiococca brachiata var. genuina Chiococca brachiata Ruiz López & Pavón, var. genuina Müller Argoviensis, in Martius, Fl. Bras. 6(5): 51. 1881, nom. inadmiss.BASIONYM: Chiococca brachiata Ruiz López & Pavón 1799. 
Chiococca brachiata var. grandifolia Chiococca brachiata Ruiz López & Pavón, var. grandifolia Müller Argoviensis, in Martius, Fl. Bras. 6(5): 50. 1881. TYPE: BRAZIL:
Chiococca brachiata var. intercedens Chiococca brachiata Ruiz López & Pavón, var. intercedens Müller Argoviensis, in Martius, Fl. Bras. 6(5): 52. 1881. TYPE: BRAZIL:
Chiococca brachiata var. intermedia Chiococca brachiata Ruiz López & Pavón, var. intermedia Müller Argoviensis, in Martius, Fl. Bras. 6(5): 52. 1881. TYPE: BRAZIL:
Chiococca brachiata var. lanceolata Chiococca brachiata Ruiz López & Pavón, var. lanceolata Müller Argoviensis, in Martius, Fl. Bras. 6(5): 54. 1881. TYPE: BRAZIL:
Chiococca brachiata var. microphylla Chiococca brachiata Ruiz López & Pavón, var. microphylla Müller Argoviensis, in Martius, Fl. Bras. 6(5): 53. 1881. TYPE: BRAZIL:
Chiococca brachiata var. petiolaris Chiococca brachiata Ruiz López & Pavón, var. petiolaris Müller Argoviensis, in Martius, Fl. Bras. 6(5): 54. 1881. TYPE: BRAZIL:
Chiococca brachiata var. rigidula Chiococca brachiata Ruiz López & Pavón, var. rigidula Müller Argoviensis, in Martius, Fl. Bras. 6(5): 54. 1881. TYPE: BRAZIL:
Chiococca brachiata var. subrhombea Chiococca brachiata Ruiz López & Pavón, var. subrhombea Müller Argoviensis, in Martius, Fl. Bras. 6(5): 54. 1881. TYPE: BRAZIL:
Chiococca brachiata var. tenuifolia Chiococca brachiata Ruiz López & Pavón, var. tenuifolia Müller Argoviensis, in Martius, Fl. Bras. 6(5): 458. 1881. TYPE: BRAZIL:
Chiococca brachiata var. valida Chiococca brachiata Ruiz López & Pavón, var. valilda Müller Argoviensis, in Martius, Fl. Bras. 6(5): 51. 1881. TYPE: BRAZIL:
Chiococca capitata Chiococca capitata Wernham, J. Bot. 51: 523. 1913. TYPE: JAMAICA:
Chiococca densifolia Chiococca adensifolia Martius, Denkschr. Königl. Akad. Wiss. München 9: 93. 1824. TYPE: BRAZIL: Bahia:
Chiococca densifolia var. cubensis Chiococca densifolia Martius, var. cubensis de Candolle, Prodr. 4: 482. 1830. TYPE: CUBA:
Chiococca latifolia Chiococca latifolia Rafinesque, Alsogr. Amer. 75. 1838. TYPE: CUBA:
Chiococca macrocarpa Chiococca macrocarpa M. Martens & Galeotti, Bull. Acad. Roy. Sci. Bruxelles 11(1): 230. 1844. TYPE: MEXICO:
Chiococca micrantha Chiococca micrantha J. R. Johnston, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 40: 696. 1905. TYPE: VENEZUELA: Nueva Esparta: Isla Margarita, Cerro de San Juan, 27 Jul 1903, Johnston 115 (holotype: GH).
Chiococca paniculata Chiococca paniculata Hoffmannsegg ex Schultes, in Roemer & Schultes, Syst. Veg. 5: 203. 1819, non Linnaeus f. 1782. TYPE: BRAZIL:
Chiococca petenensis Chiococca petenensis Lundell, Wrightia 5: 7. 1972. TYPE: GUATEMALA: Peten: Dolores, on Santo Toribia trail, 7 Jun 1961, Contreras 2439 (holotype: LL).
Chiococca pubescens Chiococca pubescens Humboldt & Bonpland ex Schultes, in Roemer & Schultes, Syst. Veg. 5: 202. 1819.  
Chiococca pubescens var. peninsularis Chiococca pubescens Humboldt & Bonpland ex Schultes, var. peninsularis Wiggins, Contr. Dudley Herb. 4: 24. 1950. TYPE: MEXICO: Baja California Sur: Sierra San Francisquito, 18 Oct 1890, Brandegee 265 (holotype: DS; isotype: UC).
Chiococca racemosa var. laxiflora Chiococca racemosa Linnaeus, var. laxiflora de Candolle, Prodr. 4: 482. 1830.  
Chiococca racemosa var. longifolia Chiococca racemosa Linnaeus, var. longifolia de Candolle, Prodr. 4: 482. 1830. TYPE: GUADELOUPE: Without data, Badier s.n. (holotype: G-DC).
Chiococca racemosa var. scandens Chiococca racemosa Linnaeus, var. scandens Persoon, Syn. Pl. 1: 209. 1805.  
Chiococca racemosa var. yucatana Chiococca racemos Jacquin, var. yucatana Loesener, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 18: 361. 1922. TYPE: MEXICO: Yucatán:
Chiococca trisperma Chiococca trisperma Hooker f., Trans. Linn. Soc. London 20: 219. 1847. TYPE: ECUADOR: Galapagos: Chatham Island, s.d., Darwin s.n. (holotype: K).
Chiococca trisperma var. angustifolia Chiococca trisperma Hooker f., var. angustifolia Andersson, Kongl. Vetensk. Acad. Handl. 1853: 194. 1855. TYPE: ECUADRO: Galapagos: