Eleocharis acicularis

Family:CYPERACEAE
Species:Eleocharis acicularis (L.)Roem. & Schult.
Common Name:NEEDLE SPIKERUSH
Status:Native, OBL (DEP), OBL (NWPL)
Specimen: View specimen details in the USF Herbarium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

Division
Class
Sub Class
Order POALES
FamilyCYPERACEAE
Genus Eleocharis
Species Eleocharis acicularis (L.)Roem. & Schult. - NEEDLE SPIKERUSH

Citation

Citation ELEOCHARIS ACICULARIS (Linnaeus) Roemer & Schultes, Syst. Veg. 2: 154. 1817.
Basionym: Scirpus acicularis Linnaeus 1753.
Type: Without data (lectotype: LINN 71.13). Lectotypified by Egorova, Novit. Syst. Pl. Vasc. 17: 69. 1980. Without data, Herb. Celsius V: 677 (epitype: UPS). Epitypified by Kukkonen, in Cafferty & C. E. Jarvis, Taxon 53: 180. 2004.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Alachua FLAS  
Gadsden FSU  
Jackson FLAS  
Leon FLAS  

Synonyms

– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Chaetocyperus acicularis Chaetocyperus acicularis (Linnaeus) Nees von Esenbeck, in Martius, Fl. Bras. 2(1): 95. 1842.BASIONYM: Scirpus acicularis Linnaeus 1753. 
Clavula acicularis Clavula acicularis (Linnaeus) Dumortier, Fl. Belg. 143. 1827.BASIONYM: Scirpus acicularis Linnaeus 1753. 
Cyperus acicularis Cyperus acicularis (Linnaeus) Withering, Arr. Brit. Pl., ed. 3. 2: 78. 1796.BASIONYM: Scirpus acicularis Linnaeus 1753. 
Eleocharis acicularis var. typica Eleocharis acicularis (Linnaeus) Roemer & Schultes, var. typica Svenson, Rhodora 31: 184. 1929, nom. inadmiss.BASIONYM: Scirpus acicularis Linnaeus 1753. 
Isolepis acicularis Isolepis acicularis (Linnaeus) Schlechtendal, Fl. Berol. 1: 36. 1823.BASIONYM: Scirpus acicularis Linnaeus 1753. 
Mariscus acicularis Mariscus acicularis (Linnaeus) Moench, Methodus 350. 1794.BASIONYM: Scirpus acicularis Linnaeus 1753. 
Scirpidium aciculare Scirpidium aciculare (Linnaeus) Nees von Esenbeck, Linnaea 9: 293. 1834.BASIONYM: Scirpus acicularis Linnaeus 1753. 
Scirpus acicularis Scirpus acicularis Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 48. 1753. TYPE: Without data (lectotype: LINN 71.13). Lectotypified by Egorova, Novit. Syst. Pl. Vasc. 17: 69. 1980. TYPE: Without data, Herb. Celsius V: 677 (epitype: UPS). Epitypified by Kukkonen, in Cafferty & C. E. Jarvis, Taxon 53: 180. 2004.
Trichophyllum aciculare Trichophyllum aciculare (Linnaeus) House, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 6: 204. 1920.BASIONYM: Scirpus acicularis Linnaeus 1753. 
Baeothryon pusillum Baeothryon pusillum A. Dietrich, Sp. Pl. 2: 92. 1833, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Scirpus pusillus Vahl 1805, nom. illegit.; Scirpus capillaceus Michaux 1803. 
Chaetocyperus polymorphus var. capillaceus Chaetocyperus polymorphus Lindley & Nees von Esenbeck ex Nees von Esenbeck, var. capillaceus (Michaux) Nees von Esenbeck, in Martius, Fl. Bras. 2(1): 94. 1842.BASIONYM: Scirpus capillaceus Michaux 1803. 
Clavula comosa Clavula comosa Dumortier, Fl. Belg. 143. 1827. TYPE: BELGIUM:
Eleocharis acicularis forma inundata Eleocharis acicularis (Linnaeus) Roemer & Schultes, forma inundata Svenson, Rhodora 31: 186. 1929, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Scirpus acicularis Linnaeus, forma submersa Glück 1911; Eleocharis acicularis (Linnaeus) Roemer & Schultes, forma submersa Druce 1897, non (Nilsson) Norman 1893. 
Eleocharis acicularis forma submersa Eleocharis acicularis (Linnaeus) Roemer & Schultes, forma submersa Druce, Fl. Berkshire 524. 1897, non (Nilsson) Norman 1893.  
Eleocharis acicularis forma submersa Eleocharis acicularis (Linnaeus) Roemer & Schultes, forma submersa (Nilsson) Norman, Skr. Vidensk.-Selsk. Christiana, Math.-Naturvidensk. Kl. 1893(16): 43. 1893.BASIONYM: Scirpus acicularis Linnaeus, var. submersus Nilsson 1888. 
Eleocharis acicularis var. gracilescens Eleocharis acicularis (Linnaeus) Roemer & Schultes, var. gracilescens Svenson, Rhodora 31: 191. 1929. TYPE: MISSOURI: St. Louis Co.: St. Louis, 1845, Engelmann s.n. (holotype: GH).
Eleocharis acicularis var. longiseta Eleocharis acicularis (Linnaeus) Roemer & Schultes, var. longiseta Svenson, Rhodora 31: 189. 1929. TYPE: JAPAN: Nagasaki, 1862, Oldham 909 (holotype: GH).
Eleocharis acicularis var. occidentalis Eleocharis acicularis (Linnaeus) Roemer & Schultes, var. occidentalis Svenson, Rhodora 31: 190. 1929. TYPE: CALIFORNIA: Santa Barbara Co.: Santa Barbara, s.d., Rothrock 80 (holotype: GH).
Eleocharis acicularis var. submersa Eleocharis acicularis (Linnaeus) Roemer & Schultes, var. submersa (Nilsson) Svenson, Rhodora 31: 188. 1929.BASIONYM: Scirpus acicularis Linnaeus, var. submersus Nilsson 1888. 
Eleocharis comosa Eleocharis comosa (Dumortier) K. Richter, Pl. Eur. 1: 143. 1890.BASIONYM: Clavula comosa Dumortier 1827. 
Eleocharis costata Eleocharis costata J. Presl, Fl. Cech. 11. 1819.  
Eleocharis pusillus Eleocharis pusillus A. W. Wood, Amer. Bot. Fl. 361. 1870, non R. Brown 1810.BASIONYM: Scirpus pusillus Vahl 1805, nom. illegit.; Scirpus capillaceus Michaux 1803. 
Scirpus acicularis forma submersa Scirpus acicularis Linnaeus, forma submersa Glück, Untersuch. Waser-Sumpfgew. 3: 573. 1911.BASIONYM: Eleocharis acicularis (Linnaeus) Roemer & Schultes, forma submersa Druce 1897, non (Nilsson) Norman 1893. 
Scirpus acicularis forma submersus Scirpus acicularis Linnaeus, forma submersus (Nilsson) Porsild, Meddel. Groenland 50: 370. 1912, non Glück 1911.BASIONYM: Scirpus acicularis Linnaeus, var. submersus Nilsson 1888. 
Scirpus acicularis var. submersa Scirpus acicularis Linnaeus, var. submersa (Glück) Blomgren, in Holmberg, Skand. Fl. 310. 1926, non Nillson 1888.BASIONYM: Scirpus acicularis Linnaeus, forma submersa Glück 1911; Eleocharis acicularis (Linnaeus) Roemer & Schultes, forma submersa Druce 1897, non (Nilsson) Norman 1893. 
Scirpus acicularis var. submersus Scirpus acicularis Linnaeus, var. submersus Nilsson, Bot. Not. 1888: 144. 1888. TYPE: NORWAY/SWEDEN:
Scirpus capillaceus Scirpus capillaceus Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 30. 1803.  
Scirpus chaeta Scirpus chaeta Schultes, Mant. 2: 72. 1824.BASIONYM: Scirpus trichodes Muhlenberg 1817, non S. trichoides Kunth 1816. 
Scirpus pusillus Scirpus pusillus Vahl, Enum. Pl. 2: 246. 1805, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Scirpus capillaceus Michaux 1803. 
Scirpus trichodes Scirpus trichodes Muhlenberg, Descr. Gram. 30. 1817, non S. trichoides Kunth 1816. TYPE: PENNSYLVANIA:

Specimens

Country State County Date Specimen Notes Image
USA North Carolina Hoke Co. 09 Jul 1996 S. L. Orzell 24839
USA South Carolina Saluda Co. 08 Jul 1957 A. E. Radford 26833
USA Wisconsin Marquette Co. 21 Sep 1963 H. H. Iltis 21104
USA Maine Androscoggin Co. 1893 K. Furbish s.n.
USA Oklahoma Johnston Co. 23 Jun 1976 R. J. Tyrl 1140
USA Colorado Gunnison Co. 15 Jul 1959 N. H. Russell 10407
USA Wisconsin Sauk Co. 04 Sep 1958 H. H. Iltis 11807
USA Illinois Cass Co. 04 Sep 1996 S. R. Hill 28643
USA Illinois Kane Co. 25 Aug 2005 S. R. Hill 36620
USA Massachusetts Middlesex Co. 1912 H. W. Thoreau 14094
USA Illinois Brown Co. 21 Sep 2000 S. R. Hill 33254
USA South Carolina Saluda Co. 03 Jul 1992 S. R. Hill 23654
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