Euphorbia spathulata

Family:EUPHORBIACEAE
Species:Euphorbia spathulata Lam.
Common Name:WARTY SPURGE; PRAIRIE SPURGE
Status:Native, FACU (NWPL)
Specimen: View details of USF Herbarium specimens

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

Division
Class
Sub Class
Order MALPIGHIALES
FamilyEUPHORBIACEAE
Genus Euphorbia
Species Euphorbia spathulata Lam. - WARTY SPURGE; PRAIRIE SPURGE

Citation

Citation EUPHORBIA SPATHULATA Lamarck, Encycl. 2: 428. 1788.
Basionym: **
Type: URUGUAY: Near Montevideo, s.d., Commerson s.n. (holotype: P; isotype: MPU).

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Escambia FSU  

Synonyms

– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Tithymalus spathulatus Tithymalus spathulatus (Lamarck) W. A. Weber, Phytologia 58: 384. 1985.BASIONYM: Euphorbia spathulata Lamarck 1788. 
Xamesike deltifolia Xamesike deltifolia Rafinesque, Autik. Bot. 98. 1840. TYPE: FLORIDA:
Euphorbia arkansana Euphorbia arkansana Engelmann & A. Gray, Boston J. Nat. Hist. 5: 261. 1845. TYPE: TEXAS: Harris Co.: Comal Spring, near Houston, Jun 1845, Lindheimer s.n. [Fl. Tex. Exsicc. 302] (lectotype: MO; isolectotypes: GH, LE, NY). Lectotypified by Geltman et al., J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 5: 148. 2011.
Euphorbia arkansana var. atrosemina Euphorbia arkansana Engelmann & A. Gray, var. atrosemina Norton, N. Amer. Euphorbia 21, pl. 20. 1899. TYPE: ARIZONA: Foothills of the Santa Rita Mountains, 19 May 1894, Pringle s.n. (lectotype: US; isolectotype: GH). Lectotypified by Geltman et al., J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 5: 149. 2011.
Euphorbia arkansana var. coloradensis Euphorbia arkansana Engelmann & A. Gray, var. coloradensis Norton, N. Amer. Euphorbia 21, pl. 19. 1899. TYPE: COLORADO: Clear Creek Co.: Clear Creek Canyon, 20 Jun 1878, Jones 239 (lectotype: MO). Lectotypified by Geltman et al., J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 5: 149. 2011.
Euphorbia arkansana var. missouriensis Euphorbia arkansana Engelmann & A. Gray, var. missouriensis Norton, N. Amer. Euphorbia 19. 1899. TYPE: KANSAS: Riley Co.: Manhattan, 11 Jun 1897, Norton s.n. (lectotype: MO). Lectotypified by Geltman et al., J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 5: 149. 2011.
Euphorbia dictyosperma Euphorbia dictyosperma Fischer & C. A. Meyer, Index Sem. Hort. Petrop. 2: 37. 1836. TYPE: CALIFORNIA: Cult. in Russia, 1835, Meyer s.n. (lectotype: LE). Lectotypified by Geltman et al., J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 5: 148. 2011.
Euphorbia dictyosperma var. mexicana Euphorbia dictyosperma Fischer & C. A. Meyer, var. mexicana Engelmann, in Emory, Rep. U.S. Mex. Bound. 2(1): 191. 1858. TYPE: MEXICO: Durango: Bolsón de Mapimí, Valle de Nazas, 15 Apr 1847, Gregg 456 (lectotype: MO). Lectotypified by S. J. Wolf, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75: 1626. 1988.
Euphorbia dictyosperma var. multicaulis Euphorbia dictyosperma Fischer & C. A Meyer, var. multicaulis J. M. Coulter, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 2: 393. 1894.BASIONYM: Euphorbia multicaulis Engelmann 1858, non Thuillier 1799. 
Euphorbia mexicana Euphorbia mexicana (Engelmann) Norton, N. Amer. Euphorbia 21. 1899.BASIONYM: Euphorbia dictyosperma Fischer & C. A. Meyer, var. mexicana Engelmann 1858. 
Euphorbia missouriensis Euphorbia missouriensis (Norton) Small, in Britton, Man. Fl. N. States 595. 1901.BASIONYM: Euphorbia arkansana Engelmann & A. Gray, var. missouriensis Norton 1899. 
Euphorbia multicaulis Euphorbia multicaulis Engelmann, in Emory, Rep. U.S. Mex. Bound. 2(1): 191. 1858, non Thuillier 1799. TYPE: MEXICO: Sonora: Las Playas, May 1851, Thurber 381 (holotype: MO).
Euphorbia obtusata Euphorbia obtusata Pursh, Fl. Amer. Sept. 606. 1814. TYPE: VIRGINIA: August Co.: Staunton, 1806, Pursh 116 (lectotype: PH 1021023, rightmost fragment). Lectotypified by Geltman et al., J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 5: 148. 2011.
Euphorbia pseudopeplus Euphorbia pseudopeplus Spegazzini, Anales Mus. Nac. Buenos Aires 7: 164. 1902. TYPE: ARGENTINA: Río Negro: Dpto. Adolfo Alsina, near Carmen de Patagones, Feb 1898, Spegazzini s.n. [Herb. Spegazzini no. 12560] (lectotype: LP). Lectotypified by Geltman et al., J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 5: 149. 2011.
Euphorbia spathulata var. mexicana Euphorbia spathulata Lamarck, var. mexicana (Engelmann) Oudejans, Collect. Bot. (Barcelona) 21: 188. 1993 ("1992").BASIONYM: Euphorbia dictyosperma Fischer & C. A. Meyer, var. mexicana Engelmann 1858. 
Galarhoeus arkansanus Galarhoeus arkansanus (Engelmann & A. Gray) Small ex Rydberg, Fl. Plains N. Amer. 520. 1932.BASIONYM: Euphorbia arkansana Engelmann & A. Gray 1845. 
Galarhoeus missouriensis Galarhoeus missouriensis (Norton) Rydberg, Fl. Plains N. Amer. 521. 1932.BASIONYM: Euphorbia arkansana Engelmann & A. Gray, var. missouriensis Norton 1899. 
Galarhoeus obtusatus Galarhoeus obtusatus (Pursh) Small ex Rydberg, Fl. Plains N. Amer. 520. 1932.BASIONYM: Euphorbia obtusata Pursh 1814. 
Keraselma spatulatus Keraselma spathulatus Rafinesque, Autik. Bot. 93. 1840.  
Tithymalus arkansanus Tithymalus arkansanus (Engelmann & A. Gray) Klotzsch & Garcke, in Klotzsch, Abh. Königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1859(1): 66. 1860.BASIONYM: Euphorbia arkansana Engelmann & A. Gray 1845. 
Tithymalus arkansanus var. coloradensis Tithymalus arkansanus (Engelmann & A. Gray) Klotzsch & Garcke, var. coloradensis (Norton) Rydberg, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 33: 145. 1906.BASIONYM: Euphorbia arkansana Engelmann & A. Gray, var. coloradensis Norton 1899. 
Tithymalus dictyospermus Tithymalus dictyospermus (Fischer & C. A. Meyer) A. Heller, Muhlenbergia 1: 56. 1904.BASIONYM: Euphorbia dictyosperma Fischer & C. A. Meyer 1836. 
Tithymalus mexicanus Tithymalus mexicanus (Engelmann) Wooton & Standley, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 16: 145. 1913.BASIONYM: Euphorbia dictyosperma Fischer & C. A. Meyer, var. mexicana Engelmann 1858. 
Tithymalus missouriensis Tithymalus missouriensis (Norton) Small, Fl. S.E. U.S. 721, 1334. 1903.BASIONYM: Euphorbia arkansana Engelmann & A. Gray, var. missouriensis Norton 1899. 
Tithymalus obtusatus Tithymalus obtusatus (Pursh) Klotzsch & Garcke, in Klotzsch, Abh. Königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1859(1): 69. 1860.BASIONYM: Euphorbia obtusata Pursh 1814. 
Tithymalus pseudopeplus Tithymalus pseudopeplus (Spegazzini) Soják, Cas Nár. Mus., Odd. Prír. 148: 199. 1980 ("1979").BASIONYM: Euphorbia pseudopeplus Spegazzini 1902. 

Specimens

Country State County Date Specimen Notes Image
USA South Carolina Pickens Co. 15 May 1994 S. R. Hill 25575 CULTIVATED; from Horry County.
USA Louisiana St. Martin Par. 18 May 1964 J. W. Thieret 17375
USA Louisiana East Baton Rouge Par. 17 Mar 1976 M. Schmitt 40
USA North Carolina Orange Co. 29 May 1959 R. L. Wilbur 6225
USA North Carolina Perquimans co. 09 May 1958 H. E. Ahles 39926
USA Mississippi Clay Co. 05 May 1955 J. D. Ray, Jr. 4411
USA Alabama Colbert Co. 17 Apr 1955 G. R. Cooley 3486
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