Veronicastrum virginicum

Family:PLANTAGINACEAE
Species:Veronicastrum virginicum (L.)Farw.
Common Name:CULVER'S ROOT
Status:Native, FACW (DEP), FACW (NWPL)
Specimen: View details of USF Herbarium specimens

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

Division
Class
Sub Class
Order LAMIALES
FamilyPLANTAGINACEAE
Genus Veronicastrum
Species Veronicastrum virginicum (L.)Farw. - CULVER'S ROOT

Citation

Citation VERONICASTRUM VIRGINICUM (Linnaeus) Farwell, Drugg. Circ. 51: 231. 1917.
Basionym: Veronica virginica Linnaeus 1753.
Type: VIRGINIA: Cult. in Holland, without data, Herb. Clifford 7 (lectotype: BM). Lectotypified by Pennell, Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia Monogr. 1: 322. 1935.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Escambia SB-Lit Lit-SB: Pennell, Acad. Sci. Philadelphia Monogr. 1: 326. 1935.

Synonyms

– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Callistachya virginica Callistachya virginica (Linnaeus) Rafinesque ex Farwell, Rep. (Annual) Michigan Acad. Sci. 17: 176. 1916.BASIONYM: Veronica virginica Linnaeus 1753. 
Eustachya alba Eustachya alba Rafinesque, Ann. Gen. Sci. Phys. 6: 97. 1820, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Veronica virginica Linnaeus 1753. 
Leptandra alba Leptandra alba Rafinesque, Med. Fl. 2: 21. 1830, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Eustachya alba Rafinesque 1820, nom. illegit.; Veronica virginica Linnaeus 1753. 
Leptandra virginica Leptandra virginica (Linnaeus) Nuttall, Gen. N. Amer. Pl. 1: 7. 1818.BASIONYM: Veronica virginica Linnaeus 1753. 
Veronica quinquefolia Veronica quinquefolia Stokes, Bot. Mat. Med. 1: 28. 1812, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Veronica virginica Linnaeus 1753. 
Veronica quinquefolia var. alba Veronica quinquefolia Stokes, var. alba Stokes, Bot. Mat. Med. 1: 28. 1812, nom. inadmiss.BASIONYM: Veronica quinquefolia Stokes 1812, nom. illegit.; Veronica virginica Linnaeus 1753. 
Veronica virginica Veronica virginica Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 9. 1753. TYPE: VIRGINIA: Cult. in Holland, without data, Herb. Clifford 7 (lectotype: BM). Lectotypified by Pennell, Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia Monogr. 1: 322. 1935.
Veronicastrum album Veronicastrum album Moench, Methodus 437. 1794, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Veronica virginica Linnaeus 1753. 
Callistachya virginica var. lanceolata Callistachya virginica (Linnaeus) Rafinesque ex Farwell, var. lanceolata Farwell, Rep. (Annual) Michigan Acad. Sci. 17: 176. 1916. TYPE: MICHIGAN: Washtenaw Co.: Ypsilanti, 18 Jul 1891, Farwell 1165 (lectotype: MICH?). Lectotypified by Pennell, Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia Monogr. 1: 323. 1935.
Eustachya oppositifolia Eustachya oppositifolia Rafinesque, New Fl. 2: 21. 1837 ("1836"). TYPE: VIRGINIA: Without data, Rafinesque s.n. (lectotype: P). Lectotypified by Pennell, Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia Monogr. 1: 323. 1935.
Eustachya purpurea Eustachya purpurea Rafinesque, Ann. Gen. Sci. Phys. 6: 98. 1820.  
Leptandra oppositifolia Leptandra oppositifolia Rafinesque, New Fl. 2: 21. 1837 ("1836").BASIONYM: Eustachya oppositifolia Rafinesque 1837. 
Leptandra purpurea Leptandra purpurea (Rafinesque) Rafinesque, Med. Fl. 2: 20. 1830.BASIONYM: Eustachya purpurea Rafinesque 1820. 
Leptandra purpurea var. heterophylla Leptandra purpurea (Rafinesque) Rafinesque, var. heterophylla Rafinesque, Med. Fl. 2: 21. 1830.  
Leptandra purpurea var. pallida Leptandra purpurea (Rafinesque) Rafinesque, var. pallida Rafinesque, Med. Fl. 2: 21. 1830.  
Leptandra purpurea var. prolifera Leptandra purpurea (Rafinesque) Rafinesque, var. prolifera Rafinesque, Med. Fl. 2: 21. 1830.  
Leptandra villosa Leptandra villosa Rafinesque, Med. Fl. 2: 21. 1830. TYPE: NORTH CAROLINA: Without dat, Denke s.n. (lectotype: PH). Lectotypified by Pennell, Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia Monogr. 1: 323. 1935.
Leptandra virginica var. purpurea Leptandra virginica (Linnaeus) Nuttall, var. purpurea Eaton, Man. Bot., ed. 5. 275. 1829. TYPE: VIRGINIA: Without data, Pursh s.n. (holotype: PH).
Veronica quinquefolia var. incarnata Veronica quinquefolia Stokes, var. incarnata Stokes, Bot. Mat. Med. 1: 28. 1812.  
Veronica virginica forma purpurea Veronica virginica Linnaeus, forma purpurea (Eaton) Fosberg, Castanea 20: 59. 1955.BASIONYM: Leptandra virginica (Linnaeus) Nuttall, var. purpurea Eaton 1829. 
Veronica virginica var. hirsuta Veronica virginica Linnaeus, var. hirsuta N. Coleman, Cat. Fl. Pl. S. Penins. Michigan 2: 27. 1874. TYPE: MICHIGAN:
Veronicastrum virginicum forma purpureum Veronicastrum virginicum (Linnaeus) Farwell, forma purpureum (Eaton) Farwell, Rep. (Annual) Michigan Acad. Sci. 21: 370. 1920.BASIONYM: Leptandra virginica (Linnaeus) Nuttall, var. purpurea Eaton 1829. 
Veronicastrum virginicum forma roseum Veronicastrum virginicum (Linnaeus) Farwell, forma roseum Farwell, Rep. (Annual) Michigan Acad. Sci. 21: 370. 1920. TYPE: MICHIGAN: Manistee Co.: Parkdale, 4 Jul 1918, Billington & Farwell 5027 (holotype: BLH; isotype: MICH).
Veronicastrum virginicum forma villosa Veronicastrum virginicum (Linnaeus) Farwell, forma villosum (Rafinesque) Pennell, Rhodora 23: 6. 1921.BASIONYM: Leptandra villosa Rafinesque 1830. 
Veronicastrum virginicum var. lanceolatum Veronicastrum virginicum (Linnaeus) Farwell, var. lanceolatum (Farwell) Farwell, Drugg. Circ. 51: 231. 1917.BASIONYM: Callistachya virginica (Linnaeus) Rafinesque ex Farwell, var. lanceolata Farwell 1916. 
Veronicastrum virginicum var. purpureum Veronicastrum virginicum (Linnaeus) Farwell, var. purpureum (Eaton) Farwell, Rep. (Annual) Michigan Acad. Sci. 20: 188. 1918.BASIONYM: Leptandra virginica (Linnaeus) Nuttall, var. purpurea Eaton 1829. 

Specimens

Country State County Date Specimen Notes Image
USA North Carolina Durham Co. 13 Jul 1967 J. R. Bozeman 10708
USA North Carolina Alleghany Co. 17 Sep 1966 J. R. Bozeman 45224
USA Arkansas Conway Co. s.n. D. Demaree 37222
USA North Carolina Ashe Co. 01 Aug 1958 A. E. Radford 38494
USA Mississippi Tishomingo Co. 07 Aug 1956 J. D. Ray, Jr. 7414
USA Mississippi Newton Co. 27 Jul 1956 J. D. Ray, Jr. 7260
USA Mississippi Lauderdale Co. 19 Jul 1956 J. D. Ray, Jr. 7084
USA Mississippi Noxubee Co. 19 Jul 1956 J. D. Ray, Jr. 7099
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