Alternanthera philoxeroides

Family:AMARANTHACEAE
Species:Alternanthera philoxeroides (Mart.)Griseb.
Common Name:ALLIGATORWEED
Status:Not Native, EPPC(II), OBL (DEP), OBL (NWPL)
Specimen: View details of USF Herbarium specimens

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

Division
Class
Sub Class
Order CARYOPHYLLALES
FamilyAMARANTHACEAE
Genus Alternanthera
Species Alternanthera philoxeroides (Mart.)Griseb. - ALLIGATORWEED

Citation

Citation ALTERNANTHERA PHILOXEROIDES (Martius) Grisebach, Abh. Königl. Ges. Wiss. Göttingen 24: 36. 1879.
Basionym: Bucholzia philoxeroides Martius 1826.
Type: BRAZIL: Without data, Sellow s.n. (lectotype: BR). Lectotypified by Pedersen, Darwiniana 14: 440. 1967.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Alachua FLAS  
Baker USF  
Bay FSU  
Bradford FLAS  
Brevard USF  
Broward USF  
Calhoun USF  
Charlotte USF  
Citrus FLAS  
Clay USF  
Collier USF  
DeSoto USF  
Duval FLAS  
Escambia UWFP  
Flagler FLAS  
Franklin USF  
Gadsden FSU  
Gilchrist USF  
Glades USF  
Gulf USF  
Hamilton USF  
Hardee USF  
Hillsborough USF  
Jackson FSU  
Jefferson FSU  
Lake USF  
Leon USF  
Levy FLAS  
Liberty FSU  
Manatee PIHG  
Marion USF  
Miami-Dade USF  
Monroe Mainland FNPS  
Nassau USF  
Okaloosa FSU  
Orange USF  
Osceola DWP  
Palm Beach USF  
Pasco USF  
Pinellas USF  
Polk USF  
Putnam FSU  
Sarasota SEL  
Seminole FLAS  
St. Johns USF  
St. Lucie FLAS  
Sumter USF  
Union USF  
Volusia USF  
Wakulla FSU  
Walton FLAS  
Washington FLAS  

Synonyms

– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Achyranthes philoxeroides Achyranthes philoxeroides (Martius) Standley, J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 5: 74. 1915.BASIONYM: Bucholzia philoxeroides Martius 1826. 
Alternanthera philoxeroides var. obtusifolia Alternanthera philoxeroides (Martius) Grisebach, var. obtusifolia Hicken, Apuntes Hist. Nat. 2: 94. 1910, nom. inadmiss.BASIONYM: Telanthera philoxeroides (Martius) Moquin-Tandon, var. obtusifolia Martius ex Moquin-Tandon 1849, nom. inadmiss.; Bucholzia philoxeroides Martius 1826. 
Bucholzia philoxeroides Bucholzia philoxeroides Martius, Nova Acta Phys.-Med. Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. Nat. Cur. 13(1): 315. 1826. TYPE: BRAZIL: Without data, Sellow s.n. (lectotype: BR). Lectotypified by Pedersen, Darwiniana 14: 440. 1967.
Telanthera philoxeroides Telanthera philoxeroides (Martius) Moquin-Tandon, in de Candolle, Prodr. 13(2): 362. 1849.BASIONYM: Bucholzia philoxeroides Martius 1826. 
Telanthera philoxeroides var. obtusifolia Telanthera philoxeroides (Martius) Moquin-Tandon, var. obtusifolia Martius ex Moquin-Tandon, in de Candolle, Prodr. 13(2): 363. 1849, nom. inadmiss.BASIONYM: Bucholzia philoxeroides Martius 1826. 
Alternanthera paludosa Alternanthera paludosa Bunbury, Proc. Linn. Soc. London 1: 109. 1841. TYPE: ARGENTINA: Buenos Aires, Bunbury s.n. (holotype: ?; isotype: BR).
Alternanthera philoxerina Alternanthera philoxerina Suessenguth, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 35: 303. 1934. TYPE: BRAZIL: São Paulo: Asplund IX, 1921 (holotype: S).
Alternanthera philoxeroides forma angustifolia Alternanthera philoxeroides (Martius) Grisebach, forma angustifolia Suessenguth, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 35: 303. 1934. TYPE: PARAGUAY: Without data, Hassler 2141 (holotype: ?; isotypes: GH, K, NY, P).
Alternanthera philoxeroides var. acutifolia Alternanthera philoxeroides (Martius) Grisebach, var. acutifolia (Martius ex Moquin-Tandon) Hicken, Apuntes Hist. Nat. 2: 94. 1910.BASIONYM: Telanthera philoxeroides (Martius) Moquin-Tandon, var. acutifolia Martius ex Moquin-Tandon 1849. 
Alternanthera philoxeroides var. lancifolia Alternanthera philoxeroides (Martius) Grisebach, var. lancifolia Chodat, Bull. Soc. Bot. Genève, ser. 2. 18: 257. 1927.  
Alternanthera philoxeroides var. luxurians Alternanthera philoxeroides (Martius) Grisebach, var. luxurians Suessenguth, Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. München 1: 68. 1950. TYPE: ARGENTINA: Formosa: Pilcomayo, Morel 1247 (holotype: M).
Telanthera philoxeroides var. acutifolia Telanthera philoxeroides (Martius) Moquin-Tandon, var. acutifolia Martius ex Moquin-Tandon, in de Candolle, Prodr. 13(2): 363. 1849. TYPE: BRAZIL: Minas Gerais: Ad fluv. Sapucahy, Feb, Martius s.n. (lectotype: M). Lectotypified by Mears, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 129: 15. 1977.

Specimens

Country State County Date Specimen Notes Image
USA Florida Franklin Co. 29 Jun 1956 R. Kral 2732
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 19 Nov 1961 O. K. Lakela 24844a
USA Florida Clay Co. 22 Jun 1963 D. B. Ward 3498
USA Florida Gulf Co. May 1928 J. K. Small s.n.
USA Florida Calhoun Co. 09 Jul 1957 R. K. Godfrey 55577
USA Florida Franklin Co. s.d. M. Kuck 117
USA Florida Marion Co. 30 May 1959 D. B. Ward 1421
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 15 May 1963 C. T. Reed S-477
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 15 May 1963 C. T. Reed S-477
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 24 Aug 1978 C. G. Wright 81
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 04 May 1975 G. N. Avery 1566
USA Florida Clay Co. 13 Aug 1981 R. P. Sauleda 5852
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 01 Jul 2001 S. W. Woodmansee 613
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 25 Jun 1999 J. Myers 422
USA Florida Pasco Co. 20 May 2002 C. vanHoek WB005
USA Florida Gilchrist Co. 26 Apr 1981 D. S. Correll 51690
USA Florida Charlotte Co. 22 Aug 1985 S. A. Thompson 2798
USA Florida Lake Co. 06 Sep 1991 R. F. Daubenmire s.n.
USA Florida Lake Co. 16 Jun 1980 R. F. Daubenmire s.n.
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 04 May 1994 R. P. Wunderlin 10404
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 29 Jul 1977 A. N. Arcuri 468
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 06 May 1984 G. Fleming 3690
USA Florida Brevard Co. 22 Apr 2003 T. MacClendon 167
USA Florida Hardee Co. 18 Nov 2003 B. F. Hansen 12981
USA Florida Volusia Co. 20 May 1981 G. Robinson 185
USA Florida Gulf Co. 14 Jun 1966 S. Taylor 163-3
USA Florida Sumter Co. 28 Jun 1984 R. P. Wunderlin 9765
USA Florida Marion Co. 18 Jul 1985 R. P. Wunderlin 9917
USA Florida Sumter Co. 05 Aug 2005 M. T. Strong 3506
USA Florida Baker Co. 12 Jul 1984 B. F. Hansen 10203
USA Florida Leon Co. 17 Jul 1986 B. F. Hansen 11047
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 24 Mar 1988 G. Fleming 3984
USA Florida Pasco Co. 14 Oct 1979 R. P. Sauleda 3059
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 01 May 1988 G. Fleming 4063
USA Florida Broward Co. 30 Jun 1999 P. L. Howell 240
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 01 Apr 1984 G. Fleming 3684
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 31 May 1983 D. Richardson 1024
USA Florida Polk Co. 03 Apr 2008 J. M. Kunzer 2322
USA Florida DeSoto Co. 29 Sep 2008 A. R. Franck 990
USA Florida Orange Co. 05 May 2000 W. D. Longbottom 4778
USA Florida Calhoun Co. 22 May 2009 T. MacClendon 911
USA Florida Charlotte Co. 06 May 2010 A. R. Franck 2013
USA Florida Glades Co. 30 May 2010 A. R. Franck 2185
USA Florida Hamilton Co. 19 Sep 2008 B. F. Hansen 13460
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 20 Apr 2010 R. Chicone 706
USA Florida Brevard Co. 10 May 2010 P. A. Schmalzer 10-4
USA Florida Palm Beach Co. 22 Jul 1994 R. Roberts s.n.
USA Florida St. Johns Co. 17 Apr 2012 W. D. Longbottom 16885
USA Florida Union Co. 08 Aug 2013 D. H. Williams 3788
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 10 Sep 2015 A. Farid 97
USA Florida Nassau Co. 16 May 2016 W. D. Longbottom 24791
Trinidad & Tobago Trinidad 11 Mar 1978 C. D. Adams 14381
USA Louisiana La Fourche Par. 09 Sep 1978 M. Alleman s.n.
USA Louisiana Orleans Par. 20 Apr 1972 T. Schultis 143 "Alligator weed."
USA South Carolina Beaufort Co. 10 May 1956 H. E. Ahles 12332
USA Georgia Bryan Co. 02 Jun 1968 W. H. Duncan 23166
USA Louisiana Ouachita Par. 20 May 1967 R. D. Thomas 2757
USA Mississippi Harrison Co. 16 May 1953 D. Demaree 33251
USA South Carolina Horry Co. 26 May 1989 S. R. Hill 20595
USA South Carolina Charleston Co. 06 Jun 1992 S. R. Hill 23169
USA Alabama Madison Co. 30 Sep 2001 D. E. Giannasi 199 Alligator-weed.
USA Alabama Fayette Co. 09 Jul 1997 R. R. Haynes 9546
USA Alabama Jackson Co. 29 Sep 2001 D. E. Giannasi 181 Alligator-weed.
USA Louisiana New Orleans Par. 06 Jun 1954 D. Demaree 35534
USA South Carolina Richland Co. 19 Jul 1980 C. Aulbach-Smith 1032
USA South Carolina Berkeley Co. 10 Aug 1981 G. W. Long 704
USA Alabama Greene Co. 10 May 1981 R. D. Whetstone 10724
USA Mississippi Forrest Co. 25 Jul 1956 J. D. Ray, Jr. 7128
USA Florida Franklin Co. May 1928 J. K. Small s.n.
USA Louisiana East Baton Rouge Par. 27 Apr 1976 H. Ghazali s.n.
USA Florida Collier Co. 15 Sep 2014 J. N. Burch 2783
USA Florida Collier Co. 15 Sep 2014 J. N. Burch 2787
USA South Carolina Laurens Co. 22 Jun 2016 K. A. Bradley 4738
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