Ricinus communis

Family:EUPHORBIACEAE
Species:Ricinus communis L.
Common Name:CASTORBEAN
Status:Not Native, EPPC(II), FACU (NWPL)
Specimen: View details of USF Herbarium specimens

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

Division
Class
Sub Class
Order MALPIGHIALES
FamilyEUPHORBIACEAE
Genus Ricinus
Species Ricinus communis L. - CASTORBEAN

Citation

Citation RICINUS COMMUNIS Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1007. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: Without data, Herb. Clifford 450(Ricinus 1) (lectotype: BM). Lectotypified by Seegeler, Oil Pl. Ethiopia 212. 1982.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Alachua FLAS  
Brevard USF  
Broward USF  
Escambia UWFP  
Franklin FSU  
Gilchrist USF  
Glades USF  
Gulf FSU  
Hendry USF  
Highlands USF  
Hillsborough USF  
Indian River USF  
Lake USF  
Lee USF  
Manatee USF  
Marion FLAS  
Martin USF  
Miami-Dade USF  
Monroe Keys FLAS  
Orange USF  
Osceola USF  
Palm Beach FLAS  
Pasco USF  
Pinellas USF  
Polk USF  
Sarasota USF  
Seminole USF  
St. Johns FLAS  
St. Lucie USF  
Volusia USF  

Synonyms

– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Ricinus communis forma glaucus Ricinus communis Linnaeus, forma glaucus Müller Argoviensis, in de Candolle, Prodr. 15(2): 1020. 1866, nom. inadmiss.BASIONYM: Ricinus communis Linnaeus 1753. 
Ricinus communis var. genuinus Ricinus communis Linnaeus, var. genuinus Müller Argoviensis, in de Candolle, Prodr. 15(2): 1019. 1866, nom. inadmiss.BASIONYM: Ricinus communis Linnaeus 1753. 
Ricinus communis var. typicus Ricinus communis Linnaeus, var. typicus Fiori, Fl. Italia 2: 292. 1901, nom. inadmiss.BASIONYM: Ricinus communis Linnaeus 1753. 
Croton spinosus Croton spinosus Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1005. 1753. TYPE: INDIA:
Ricinus africanus Ricinus africanus Miller, Gard. Dict., ed. 8. 1768.  
Ricinus africanus Ricinus africanus Willdenow, Sp. Pl. 4: 565. 1805, non Miller 1768. TYPE: Cult. at Berlin, without data (holotype: B-W).
Ricinus americanus Ricinus americanus Miller, Gard. Dict., ed 8. 1768.  
Ricinus angulatus Ricinus angulatus Thunberg, Ricin. 4, 6. 1815.  
Ricinus armatus Ricinus armatus Andrews, Bot. Repos. 6: t. 430. 1805.  
Ricinus badius Ricinus badius Reichenbach, Iconogr. Bot. Exot. 2: 21. 1829.  
Ricinus cambodgensis Ricinus cambodgensis Benary, Gartenflora 36: 102. 1887.  
Ricinus communis [unranked] persicus Ricinus communis Linnaeus, [unranked] persicus Popova, in Vavilov et al., Kulturnaya Fl. SSR 7: 289. 1941.  
Ricinus communis forma americanus Ricinus communis Linnaeus, forma americanus Müller Argoviensis, in de Candolle, Prodr. 15(2): 1017. 1866.  
Ricinus communis forma argentatus Ricinus communis L., forma argentatus T. Carvalho, Anais Junta Invest. Ultramar. 11(4). 17, 34. 1956.  
Ricinus communis forma argyratus Ricinus communis L., forma argyratus T. Carvalho, Anais Junta Invest. Ultramar. 11(4). 17, 36. 1956.  
Ricinus communis forma atratus Ricinus communis L., forma atratus T. Carvalho, Anais Junta Invest. Ultramar. 11(4). 16, 32. 1956.  
Ricinus communis forma atrobrunneatus Ricinus communis L., forma atrrobrunneatus T. Carvalho, Anais Junta Invest. Ultramar. 11(4). 17, 37. 1956.  
Ricinus communis forma atrofulvatus Ricinus communis L., forma atrrofulvatus T. Carvalho, Anais Junta Invest. Ultramar. 11(4). 21, 55. 1956.  
Ricinus communis forma atrofuscatus Ricinus communis L., forma atrrofuscatus T. Carvalho, Anais Junta Invest. Ultramar. 11(4). 20, 53. 1956.  
Ricinus communis forma atrophoeniceus Ricinus communis L., forma atrrophoeniceus Carvalho, Anais Junta Invest. Ultramar. 11(4). 24, 66. 1956.  
Ricinus communis forma atropunicatus Ricinus communis L., forma atrropunicatus Carvalho, Anais Junta Invest. Ultramar. 11(4). 18, 43. 1956.  
Ricinus communis forma atropurpureatus Ricinus communis L., forma atrropurpureatus Carvalho, Anais Junta Invest. Ultramar. 11(4). 20, 50. 1956.  
Ricinus communis forma avellanatus Ricinus communis L., forma avellanatus Carvalho, Anais Junta Invest. Ultramar. 11(4). 21, 56. 1956.  
Ricinus communis forma blumeanus Ricinus communis Linnaeus, forma blumeanus Müller Argoviensis, in de Candolle, Prodr. 15(2): 1018. 1866. TYPE: INDONESIA: Java:
Ricinus communis forma canatus Ricinus communis L., forma canatus Carvalho, Anais Junta Invest. Ultramar. 11(4). 19, 47. 1956.  
Ricinus communis forma canescens Ricinus communis L., forma canescens Carvalho, Anais Junta Invest. Ultramar. 11(4). 19, 47. 1956.  
Ricinus communis forma carneatus Ricinus communis L., forma carneatus Carvalho, Anais Junta Invest. Ultramar. 11(4). 19, 44. 1956.  
Ricinus communis forma cervatus Ricinus communis L., forma cervatus Carvalho, Anais Junta Invest. Ultramar. 11(4). 19, 43. 1956.  
Ricinus communis forma cinerascens Ricinus communis L., forma cinerascens Carvalho, Anais Junta Invest. Ultramar. 11(4). 15, 27. 1956.  
Ricinus communis forma cinereatus Ricinus communis L., forma cinereatus Carvalho, Anais Junta Invest. Ultramar. 11(4). 24, 65. 1956.  
Ricinus communis forma denudatus Ricinus communis Linnaeus, forma denudatus Müller Argoviensis, in de Candolle, Prodr. 15(2: 1020. 1866.  
Ricinus communis forma epiglaucus Ricinus communis Linnaeus, forma epiglaucus Müller Argoviensis, in de Candolle, Prodr. 15(2): 1020. 1866.  
Ricinus communis forma epruinosus Ricinus communis L., forma epruinosus Carvalho, Anais Junta Invest. Ultramar. 11(4). 24, 65. 1956.  
Ricinus communis forma erythrocladus Ricinus communis Linnaeus, forma erythrocladus Müller Argoviensis, in de Candolle, Prodr. 15(2): 1020. 1866.  
Ricinus communis forma exiguus Ricinus communis L., forma exiguus Carvalho, Anais Junta Invest. Ultramar. 11(4). 24, 65. 1956.  
Ricinus communis forma fulvatus Ricinus communis L., forma fulvatus Carvalho, Anais Junta Invest. Ultramar. 11(4). 26, 68. 1956.  
Ricinus communis forma fumatus Ricinus communis L., forma fumatus Carvalho, Anais Junta Invest. Ultramar. 11(4). 18, 41. 1956.  
Ricinus communis forma fuscatus Ricinus communis L., forma fuscatus Carvalho, Anais Junta Invest. Ultramar. 11(4). 17, 35. 1956.  
Ricinus communis forma gilvus Ricinus communis L., forma gilvus Carvalho, Anais Junta Invest. Ultramar. 11(4). 20, 53. 1956.  
Ricinus communis forma gracilis Ricinus communis Linnaeus, forma gracilis Müller Argoviensis, in de Candolle, Prodr. 15(2): 1021. 1866.  
Ricinus communis forma guttatus Ricinus communis L., forma guttatus Carvalho, Anais Junta Invest. Ultramar. 11(4). 19, 47. 1956.  
Ricinus communis forma hybridus Ricinus communis Linnaeus, forma hybridus (Besser) Müller Argoviensis, in de Candolle, Prodr. 15(2): 1920. 1866.BASIONYM: Ricinus hybridus Besser 1814. 
Ricinus communis forma incarnatus Ricinus communis L., forma incarnatus Carvalho, Anais Junta Invest. Ultramar. 11(4). 19, 46. 1956.  
Ricinus communis forma inermis Ricinus communis Linnaeus, forma inermis Müller Argoviensis, in de Candolle, Prodr. 15(2): 1018. 1866.BASIONYM: Ricinus rugosus Miller 1768. 
Ricinus communis forma intermedius Ricinus communis Linnaeus, forma intermedius Müller Argoviensis, in de Candolle, Prodr. 15(2): 1020. 1866.  
Ricinus communis forma laevis Ricinus communis Linnaeus, forma laevis (de Candolle) Müller Argoviensis, in de Candolle, Prodr. 15(2): 1021. 1866.BASIONYM: Ricinus laevis de Candolle 1822. 
Ricinus communis forma macrophyllus Ricinus communis Linnaeus, forma macrophyllus Müller Argoviensis, in de Candolle, Prodr. 15(2): 1020. 1866.  
Ricinus communis forma maculatus Ricinus communis L., forma maculatus Carvalho, Anais Junta Invest. Ultramar. 11(4). 16, 29. 1956.  
Ricinus communis forma marmoreatus Ricinus communis L., forma mamoreatus Carvalho, Anais Junta Invest. Ultramar. 11(4). 18, 40. 1956.  
Ricinus communis forma murinatus Ricinus communis L., forma murinatus Carvalho, Anais Junta Invest. Ultramar. 11(4). 18, 40. 1956.  
Ricinus communis forma nigellus Ricinus communis L., forma nigellus Carvalho, Anais Junta Invest. Ultramar. 11(4). 20, 51. 1956.  
Ricinus communis forma nigrescens Ricinus communis L., forma nigrescens Carvalho, Anais Junta Invest. Ultramar. 11(4). 19, 45. 1956.  
Ricinus communis forma niveatus Ricinus communis L., forma niveatus Carvalho, Anais Junta Invest. Ultramar. 11(4). 17, 39. 1956.  
Ricinus communis forma oblongus Ricinus communis L., forma oblongus Carvalho, Anais Junta Invest. Ultramar. 11(4). 16, 31. 1956.  
Ricinus communis forma obscurus Ricinus communis L., forma obscurus Carvalho, Anais Junta Invest. Ultramar. 11(4). 18, 42. 1956.  
Ricinus communis forma oligacanthus Ricinus communis Linnaeus, forma oligacanthus Müller Argoviensis, in de Candolle, Prodr. 15(2): 1020. 1866.  
Ricinus communis forma ostrinatus Ricinus communis L., forma ostrinatus Carvalho, Anais Junta Invest. Ultramar. 11(4). 21, 58. 1956.  
Ricinus communis forma pardalinus Ricinus communis L., forma pardalinus Carvalho, Anais Junta Invest. Ultramar. 11(4). 16, 31. 1956.  
Ricinus communis forma picturatus Ricinus communis L., forma picturatus Carvalho, Anais Junta Invest. Ultramar. 11(4). 16, 30. 1956.  
Ricinus communis forma plumbeatus Ricinus communis L., forma plumbeatus Carvalho, Anais Junta Invest. Ultramar. 11(4). 23, 62. 1956.  
Ricinus communis forma pruinosus Ricinus communis Linnaeus, forma pruinosus Müller Argoviensis, in de Candolle, Prodr. 15(2): 1017. 1866.  
Ricinus communis forma pullatus Ricinus communis L., forma pullatus Carvalho, Anais Junta Invest. Ultramar. 11(4). 20, 49. 1956.  
Ricinus communis forma punctatus Ricinus communis L., forma punctatus Carvalho, Anais Junta Invest. Ultramar. 11(4). 20, 48. 1956.  
Ricinus communis forma punctulatus Ricinus communis L., forma punctulatus Carvalho, Anais Junta Invest. Ultramar. 11(4). 23, 61. 1956.  
Ricinus communis forma punicans Ricinus communis L., forma punicans Carvalho, Anais Junta Invest. Ultramar. 11(4). 21, 57. 1956.  
Ricinus communis forma purpurascens Ricinus communis Linnaeus, forma purpurascens (Bertoloni) Pax & K. Hoffmann, in Engler, Pflanzenr. 4(Heft 68): 122. 1919.BASIONYM: Ricinus purpurascens Bertoloni 1851. 
Ricinus communis forma radiatus Ricinus communis L., forma radiatus Carvalho, Anais Junta Invest. Ultramar. 11(4). 23, 64. 1956.  
Ricinus communis forma rufescens Ricinus communis L., forma rufescens Carvalho, Anais Junta Invest. Ultramar. 11(4). 21, 55. 1956.  
Ricinus communis forma russatus Ricinus communis L., forma russatus Carvalho, Anais Junta Invest. Ultramar. 11(4). 21, 57. 1956.  
Ricinus communis forma rutilans Ricinus communis Linnaeus, forma rutilans Müller Argoviensis, in de Candolle, Prodr. 15(2): 1017. 1866.BASIONYM: Ricinus megalospermus Delile 1826. 
Ricinus communis forma scaber Ricinus communis Linnaeus, forma scaber (Bertoloni ex Moris) Müller Argoviensis, in de Candolle, Prodr. 15(2): 1019. 1866.BASIONYM: Ricinus scaber Bertoloni ex Moris 1827. 
Ricinus communis forma scriptus Ricinus communis L., forma scriptus Carvalho, Anais Junta Invest. Ultramar. 11(4). 22, 59. 1956.  
Ricinus communis forma sordidus Ricinus communis L., forma sordidus Carvalho, Anais Junta Invest. Ultramar. 11(4). 17, 33. 1956.  
Ricinus communis forma stigmosus Ricinus communis L., forma stigmosus T. Carvalho, Anais Junta Invest. Ultramar. 11(4). 16, 28. 1956.  
Ricinus communis forma striatus Ricinus communis L., forma stiriatus T. Carvalho, Anais Junta Invest. Ultramar. 11(4). 23, 63. 1956.  
Ricinus communis forma subpurpurascens Ricinus communis Linnaeus, forma subpurpurascens Mueller Argoviensis, in de Candolle, Prodr. 15(2): 1020. 1866.  
Ricinus communis forma subpurpurascens Ricinus communis Linnaeus, forma subpurpurascens Müller Argoviensis, in de Candolle, Prodr. 15(2): 1020. 1866.BASIONYM: Ricinus communis Linnaeus, var. microcarpus Mueller Argoviensis 1866. 
Ricinus communis forma subrotundus Ricinus communis L., forma subrotundus T. Carvalho, Anais Junta Invest. Ultramar. 11(4). 21, 53. 1956.  
Ricinus communis forma subviridis Ricinus communis Linnaeus, forma subviridis Müller Argoviensis, in de Candolle, Prodr. 15(2): 1019. 1866.BASIONYM: Ricinus africanus Willdenow 1805, non Miller 1768. 
Ricinus communis forma sulcatus Ricinus communis L., forma sulcatus T. Carvalho, Anais Junta Invest. Ultramar. 11(4). 17, 38. 1956.  
Ricinus communis forma tigrinus Ricinus communis L., forma tigrinus T. Carvalho, Anais Junta Invest. Ultramar. 11(4). 18, 39. 1956.  
Ricinus communis forma umbrinus Ricinus communis L., forma umbrinus T. Carvalho, Anais Junta Invest. Ultramar. 11(4). 22, 59. 1956.  
Ricinus communis forma venosus Ricinus communis L., forma venosus T. Carvalho, Anais Junta Invest. Ultramar. 11(4). 17, 37. 1956.  
Ricinus communis forma vinatus Ricinus communis L., forma vinatus T. Carvalho, Anais Junta Invest. Ultramar. 11(4). 20, 52 1956.  
Ricinus communis forma viridis Ricinus communis Linnaeus, forma viridis (Willdenow) Müller Argoviensis, in de Candolle, Prodr. 15(2): 1020. 1866.BASIONYM: Ricinus viridis Willdenow 1805. 
Ricinus communis forma zebrinus Ricinus communis L., forma zebrinus T. Carvalho, Anais Junta Invest. Ultramar. 11(4). 22, 60 1956.  
Ricinus communis forma zollingeri Ricinus communis Linnaeus, forma zollingeri Müller Argoviensis, in de Candolle, Prodr. 15(2): 1018. 1866. TYPE: INDONESIA: Java:
Ricinus communis forma zonatus Ricinus communis L., forma zonatus T. Carvalho, Anais Junta Invest. Ultramar. 11(4). 20, 50 1956.  
Ricinus communis subsp. africanus Ricinus communis Linnaeus, subsp. africanus Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur. 647. 1881; Popova, Trudy Prikl. Bot. 47(Suppl.): 410, 541, f. 291-292. 1930.BASIONYM: Ricinus africanus Willdenow 1805, non Miller 1768. 
Ricinus communis subsp. indicus Ricinus communis Linnaeus, subsp. indicus (Popova) Popova & Moshkin, in Moshkin, Kleshchevina 35. 1980.BASIONYM: Ricinus macrocarpus Popova, [unranked] indicus Popova 1941. 
Ricinus communis subsp. manshuricus Ricinus communis Linnaeus, subsp. manshuricus V. Borkowski, Descr. Var. Azdherkraya 106. 1936.  
Ricinus communis subsp. mexicanus Ricinus communis Linnaeus, subsp. mexicanus Popova, Trudy Prikl. Bot. 47(Suppl.): 409, 541, f. 287-290. 1930. TYPE: MEXICO:
Ricinus communis subsp. persicus Ricinus communis Linnaeus, subsp. persicus (Popova) Popova, Kleshchevina Izd. VIR 27. 1930.BASIONYM: Ricinus persicus Popova 1926. 
Ricinus communis subsp. ruderalis Ricinus communis Linnaeus, subsp. ruderalis Popova & Moshkin, in Moshkin, Kleshchevina 38. 1980.  
Ricinus communis subsp. sanguineus Ricinus communis Linnaeus, subsp. sanguineus (Groenland) Popova, Trudy Prikl. Bot. 47(Suppl.): 405, 541, f. 283-284. 1930.BASIONYM: Ricinus sanguineus Groenland 1858. 
Ricinus communis subsp. scaber Ricinus communis Linnaeus, subsp. scaber (Bertoloni ex Moris) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur. 647. 1881.BASIONYM: Ricinus scaber Bertoloni ex Moris 1827. 
Ricinus communis subsp. sinensis Ricinus communis Linnaeus, subsp. sinensis Hiltebrandt, Mirov. Rast. Res. 63. 1835.  
Ricinus communis subsp. sinensis Ricinus communis Linnaeus, subsp. sinensis Popova & Moshkin, in Moshkin, Kleshchevina 34. 1980.  
Ricinus communis subsp. zanzibarinus Ricinus communis Linnaeus, subsp. zanzibarinus Popova, Trudy Prikl. Bot. 47(Suppl.): 408, 541, f. 285-286. 1930.  
Ricinus communis subvar. almeidae Ricinus communis Linnaeus, subvar. almeidae T. Carvalho, Anais Junta Invest. Ultramar. 11(4). 21, 58. 1956.  
Ricinus communis subvar. glaucus Ricinus communis L., subvar. glaucus Carvalho, Anais Junta Invest. Ultramar. 11(4). 15, 27. 1956.  
Ricinus communis subvar. griseus Ricinus communis L., subvar. griseus Carvalho, Anais Junta Invest. Ultramar. 11(4). 17, 33. 1956.  
Ricinus communis subvar. purpurascens Ricinus communis Linnaeus, subvar. purpurascens (Bertoloni) T. Carvalho, Anais Junta Invest. Ultramar 11(4): 50. 1956.BASIONYM: Ricinus purpurascens Bertoloni 1851. 
Ricinus communis subvar. roseus Ricinus communis L., subvar. roseus Carvalho, Anais Junta Invest. Ultramar. 11(4). 21, 55. 1956.  
Ricinus communis subvar. rutilans Ricinus communis Linnaeus, subvar. rutilans (Müller Argoviensis) T. Carvalho, Anais Junta Invest. Ultramar 11(4): 40. 1956.BASIONYM: Ricinus communis Linnaeus, forma rutilans Müller Argoviensis 1866; Ricinus megalospermus Delile 1826. 
Ricinus communis subvar. subviridis Ricinus communis Linnaeus, subvar. subviridis (Müller Argoviensis) T. Carvalho, Anais Junta Invest. Ultramar 11(4): 65. 1956.BASIONYM: Ricinus communis Linnaeus, forma subviridis Müller Argoviensis 1866; Ricinus communis Linnaeus, var. africanus Müller Argoviensis 1866, non (Miller) Baillon 1861; Ricinus africanus Willdenow 1805, non Miller 1768. 
Ricinus communis subvar. violaceus Ricinus communis L., subvar. violaceus T. Carvalho, Anais Junta Invest. Ultramar. 11(4). 17, 36 1956.  
Ricinus communis subvar. violeus Ricinus communis L., subvar. violeus T. Carvalho, Anais Junta Invest. Ultramar. 11(4). 16, 30 1956.  
Ricinus communis subvar. viridis Ricinus communis Linnaeus, subvar. viridis (Willdenow) T. Carvalho, Anais Junta Invest. Ultramar 11(4): 67. 1956.BASIONYM: Ricinus viridis Willdenow 1805. 
Ricinus communis var. aegyptiacus Ricinus microcarpus Popova, var. aegyptiacus (Popova) Moshkin, Kleshchevina 40. 1980.BASIONYM: Ricinus microcarpus Popova, [unranked] aegyptiacus Popova 1941. 
Ricinus communis var. africanus Ricinus communis Linnaeus, var. africanus (Miller) Baillon, Adansonia 1: 342. 1861BASIONYM: Ricinus africanus Miller 1768. 
Ricinus communis var. africanus Ricinus communis Linnaeus, var. africanus Müller Argoviensis, in de Candolle, Prodr. 15(2): 1019. 1866, non (Miller) Baillon 1861.BASIONYM: Ricinus africanus Willdenow 1805, non Miller 1768. 
Ricinus communis var. amblyocalyx Ricinus communis Linnaeus, var. amblyocalyx Müller Argoviensis, in de Candolle, Prodr. 15(2): 1019. 1866.  
Ricinus communis var. armatus Ricinus communis Linnaeus, var. armatus (Andrews) Steudel, Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2. 2: 459. 1841.BASIONYM: Ricinus armatus Andrews 1805. 
Ricinus communis var. badius Ricinus communis Linnaeus, var. badius (Reichenbach) Müller Argoviensis, in de Candolle, Prodr. 15(2): 1019. 1866.BASIONYM: Ricinus badius Reichenbach 1824. 
Ricinus communis var. bailundensis Ricinus communis Linnaeus, var. bailundensis J. M. Coulter, Bull. Soc. Portug. Sci. Nat. 1918: 82. 1918.  
Ricinus communis var. benguelensis Ricinus communis Linnaeus, var. benguelensis Müller Argoviensis, J. Bot. 2: 337. 1864. TYPE: ANGOLA: Near Mocamedes, s.d., Welwitsch 307 (holotype: BM; isotypes: K, LISU).
Ricinus communis var. brasiliensis Ricinus communis Linnaeus, var. brasiliensis Müller Argoviensis, in Martius, Fl. Bras. 11(2): 421, t. 60. 1874. TYPE: BRAZIL: Minas Gerais:
Ricinus communis var. brevinodis Ricinus communis Linnaeus, var. brevinodis Moshkin, Kleshchevina 32. 1980.  
Ricinus communis var. caesius Ricinus communis Linnaeus, var. caesius Popova, in Vavilov et al., Kulturnaya Fl. SSR 7: 287. 1941.  
Ricinus communis var. glaucus Ricinus communis Linnaeus, var.glaucus Popova & Moshkin, in Moshkin, Kleshchevina 37. 1980.  
Ricinus communis var. griseofolius Ricinus communis Linnaeus, var.griseofolius Moshkin, Kleshchevina 36. 1980.  
Ricinus communis var. indehiscens Ricinus communis Linnaeus, var.indehiscens Moshkin, Kleshchevina 33. 1980.  
Ricinus communis var. inermis Ricinus communis Linnaeus, var. inermis (Miller) Pax & K. Hoffmann, in Engler, Pflanzenr. 4(Heft 68): 122. 1919.BASIONYM: Ricinus inermis Miller 1768. 
Ricinus communis var. japonicus Ricinus communis Linnaeus, var. japonicus (Popova) Popova & Moshkin, in Moshkin, Kleshchevina 35. 1980.BASIONYM: Ricinus macrocarpus Popova, [unranked] japonicus Popova 1941. 
Ricinus communis var. leucocarpus Ricinus communis Linnaeus, var. leucocarpus (Bertoloni) Müller Argoviensis, in de Candolle, Prodr. 15(2): 1018. 1866.BASIONYM: Ricinus leucocarpus Bertoloni 1824. 
Ricinus communis var. lividus Ricinus communis Linnaeus, var. lividus (Jacquin) Müller Argoviensis, in de Candolle, Prodr. 15(2): 1018. 1866.BASIONYM: Ricinus lividus Jacquin 1781-1782. 
Ricinus communis var. macrocarpus Ricinus communis L., var. macrocarpus Carvalho, Anais Junta Invest. Ultramar. 11(4). 15, 27. 1956.  
Ricinus communis var. megalospermus Ricinus communis Linnaeus, var. megalospermus (Delile) Müller Argoviensis, in de Candolle, Prodr. 15(2): 1017. 1866.BASIONYM: Ricinus megalospermus Delile 1826. 
Ricinus communis var. mexicanus Ricinus communis Linnaeus, var. mexicanus (Popova) Moshkin, Kleshchevina Izd. VIR 40. 1980.BASIONYM: Ricinus communis Linnaeus, subsp. mexicanus Popova 1930. 
Ricinus communis var. microcarpus Ricinus communis Linnaeus, var. microcarpus Müller Argoviensis, in de Candolle, Prodr. 15(2): 1020. 1866.  
Ricinus communis var. microspermus Ricinus communis Linnaeus, var.microspermus Moshkin, Kleshchevina 33. 1980.  
Ricinus communis var. minor Ricinus communis Linnaeus, var. minor (Miller) Steudel, Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2. 2: 459. 1841.BASIONYM: Ricinus minor Miller 1768. 
Ricinus communis var. nanus Ricinus communis Linnaeus, var.nanus Moshkin, Kleshchevina 38. 1980.  
Ricinus communis var. purpurascens Ricinus communis Linnaeus, var. purpurascens (Bertoloni) Müller Argoviensis, in de Candolle, Prodr. 15(2): 1018. 1866.BASIONYM: Ricinus purpurascens Bertoloni 1851. 
Ricinus communis var. reichenbachianus Ricinus communis Linnaeus, var. reichenbachianus Müller Argoviensis, in de Candolle, Prodr. 15(2): 1019. 1866.  
Ricinus communis var. rheedianus Ricinus communis Linnaeus, var. rheedianus Müller Argoviensis, in de Candolle, Prodr. 15(2): 1020. 1866.TYPE: INDIA: 
Ricinus communis var. roseus Ricinus communis Linnaeus, var.roseus Moshkin, Kleshchevina 31. 1980.  
Ricinus communis var. rugosus Ricinus communis Linnaeus, var. rugosus (Miller) Müller Argoviensis, in de Candolle, Prodr. 15(2): 1018. 1866.BASIONYM: Ricinus rugosus Miller 1768. 
Ricinus communis var. speciosus Ricinus communis Linnaeus, var. speciosus (Burman f.) Müller Argoviensis, in de Candolle, Prodr. 15(2): 1021. 1866.BASIONYM: Ricinus speciosus Burman f. 1768. 
Ricinus communis var. spontaneus Ricinus communis Linnaeus, var. spontaneus Popova & Moshkin, in Moshkin, Kleshchevina 29. 1980.  
Ricinus communis var. tunisensis Ricinus communis Linnaeus, var. tunisensis (Desfontaines) Baillon, Adansonia 1: 342. 1861.BASIONYM: Ricinus tunisensis Desfontaines 1829. 
Ricinus communis var. undulatus Ricinus communis Linnaeus, var. undulatus (Besser) Müller Argoviensis, in de Candolle, Prodr. 15(2): 1021. 1866.BASIONYM: Ricinus undulatus Besser 1811. 
Ricinus communis var. vasconcellosii Ricinus communis L., var. vasconcellosii T. Carvalho, Anais Junta Invest. Ultramar. 11(4). 16, 33. 1956.  
Ricinus communis var. violaceocaulis Ricinus communis Linnaeus, var. violaceocaulis Moshkin, Kleshchevina 34. 1980.  
Ricinus communis var. virens Ricinus communis Linnaeus, var. virens Popova, in Vavilov et al., Kulturnaya Fl. SSR 7: 290. 1941.  
Ricinus communis var. viridis Ricinus communis Linnaeus, var. viridis (Willdenow) Baillon, Adansonia 1: 342. 1861.BASIONYM: Ricinus viridis Willdenow 1805. 
Ricinus communis var. viridis Ricinus communis Linnaeus, var. viridis Popova & Moshkin, in Moshkin, Kleshchevina 32. 1980.  
Ricinus compactus Ricinus compactus Huber, Cat. Print. 1865: 8. 1865.  
Ricinus europaeus Ricinus europaeus T. Nees von Esenbeck, Gen. Fl. Germ. t. 38. 1833.  
Ricinus gibsonii Ricinus gibsonii H. J. Veitch, Gard. Chron., ser. 2. 2: 610. 1874.  
Ricinus glaucus Ricinus glaucus Hoffmannsegg, Verz. Pfl.-Kult., Nachtr. 2: 199. 1828.  
Ricinus hybridus Ricinus hybridus Besser, Cat. Jard. Bot. Krzemeniec, Suppl. 2: 13. 1814.  
Ricinus inermis Ricinus inermis Miller, Gard. Dict., ed. 8. 1768.  
Ricinus japonicus Ricinus japonicus Thunberg, Ricin. 4. 1815. TYPE: JAPAN:
Ricinus laevis Ricinus laevis de Candolle, Mém. Soc. Phys. Gèneve 1(2): 461. 1822.  
Ricinus leucocarpus Ricinus leucocarpus Bertoloni, Giorn. Arcadico Sci. 21: 192. 1824.  
Ricinus lividus Ricinus lividus Jacquin, Misc. Austriac. 2: 360. 1781-1782.  
Ricinus macrocarpus Ricinus macrocarpus Popova, in Vavilov et al., Kulturnaya Fl. SSR 7: 278. 1941.  
Ricinus macrocarpus [unranked] indicus Ricinus macrocarpus Popova, [unranked] indicus Popova, in Vavilov et al., Kulturnaya Fl. SSR 7: 283. 1941.  
Ricinus macrocarpus [unranked] japonicus Ricinus macrocarpus Popova, [unranked] japonicus Popova, in Vavilov et al., Kulturnaya Fl. SSR 7: 285. 1941.  
Ricinus macrocarpus var. nudus Ricinus macrocarpus Popova, var. nudus Popova, in Vavilov et al., Kulturnaya Fl. SSR 7: 287. 1941.  
Ricinus macrocarpuss [unranked] sanguineus Ricinus macrocarpus Popova, (unranked) sanguineus Popova, in Vavilov et al., Kulturnaya Fl. SSR 7: 280. 1941.  
Ricinus macrophyllus Ricinus macrophyllus Bertoloni, Giorn. Arcadico Sci. 21: 192. 1824.  
Ricinus medicus Ricinus medicus Forsskål, Fl. Aegypt.-Arab. 164. 1775.  
Ricinus megalospermus Ricinus megalospermus Delile, Cent. Pl. Afr. Meroe 89. 1826. TYPE: Cult. at Geneve, without data (neotype: G-DC). Neotypified by Radcliffe-Smith, in Polhill, Fl. Trop. E. AFr., Euphorbiaceae 1: 323. 1987.
Ricinus microcarpus Ricinus microcarpus Popova, in Vavilov et al., Kulturnaya Fl. SSR 7: 287. 1941.  
Ricinus microcarpus [unranked] aegyptiacus Ricinus microcarpus Popova, [unranked] aegyptiacus Popova, in Vavilov et al., Kulturnaya Fl. SSR 7: 291. 1941.  
Ricinus microcarpus [unranked] indostanicus Ricinus microcarpus Popova, [unranked] indostanicus Popova, in Vavilov et al., Kulturnaya Fl. SSR 7: 290. 1941.  
Ricinus microcarpus var atrovirens Ricinus microcarpus Popova, var. atrovirens Popova, in Vavilov et al., Kulturnaya Fl. SSR 7: 290. 1941.  
Ricinus microcarpus var spontaneus Ricinus microcarpus Popova, var. spontaneus Popova, in Vavilov et al., Kulturnaya Fl. SSR 7: 290. 1941.  
Ricinus minor Ricinus minor Miller, Gard. Dict., ed. 8. 1768.  
Ricinus nanus Ricinus nanus Balbis, Cat. Pl., ed. 1813. 65. 1813.  
Ricinus obermannii Ricinus obermannii Groenland, Rev. Hort., ser. 4. 7: 602. 1858.  
Ricinus persicus Ricinus persicus Popova, Trudy Byuro Evgen. 16: 229. 1926.  
Ricinus purpurascens Ricinus purpurascens Bertoloni, Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Ist. Bologna 2: 268, t. 11. 1851.  
Ricinus ruber Ricinus ruber Miquel, Fl. Ned. Ind. 1(2): 390. 1859, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Ricinus africanus Miller 1768. 
Ricinus rugosus Ricinus rugosus Miller, Gard. Dict., ed. 8. 1768.  
Ricinus sanguineus Ricinus sanguineus Groenland, Rev. Hort., ser. 4. 7: 601. 1858.  
Ricinus scaber Ricinus scaber Bertoloni ex Moris, Stirp. Sard. Elench. 1: 41. 1827.  
Ricinus speciosus Ricinus speciosus Burman f., Fl. Indica 207, t. 63(2). 1768. TYPE: INDONESIA: Java:
Ricinus spectabilis Ricinus spectabilis Blume, Bijdr. 623. 1826.  
Ricinus tunisensis Ricinus tunisensis Desfontaines, Tabl. Ecole Bot., ed. 3. 340. 1829.  
Ricinus undulatus Ricinus undulatus Besser, Cat. Jard. Bot. Krzemieniec 90. 1811.  
Ricinus urens Ricinus urens Miller, Gard. Dict., ed. 8. 1768.  
Ricinus viridis Ricinus viridis Willdenow, Sp. Pl. 4: 564. 1805. TYPE: Cult. in Berlin, without data (holotype: B-W).
Ricinus vulgaris Ricinus vulgaris Miller, Gard. Dict., ed. 8. 1768.  
Ricinus zanzibariensis Ricinus zanzibariensis Garnier, Ill. Hort. 41: 99, f. 19. 1894.  
Ricinus zanzibarinus Ricinus zanzibarinus (Popova) Popova, in Vavilov et al., Kulturnaya Fl. SSR 7: 292. 1941.BASIONYM: Ricinus communis Linnaeus, subsp. zanzibarinus Popova 1930. 
Ricius communis subvar. americanus Ricinus communis Linnaeus, subvar. americanus (Müller Argoviensis) T. Carvalho, Anais Junta Invest. Ultramar 11(4): 44. 1956.BASIONYM: Ricinus communis Linnaeus, forma americanus Müller Argoviensis 1866. 
Ricius communis subvar. blumeanus Ricinus communis Linnaeus, subvar. blumeanus (Müller Argoviensis) T. Carvalho, Anais Junta Invest. Ultramar 11(4): 46. 1956.BASIONYM: Ricinus communis Linnaeus, forma blumeanus Müller Argoviensis 1866. 
Ricius communis subvar. erythrocladus Ricinus communis Linnaeus, subvar. erythrocladus (Müller Argoviensis) T. Carvalho, Anais Junta Invest. Ultramar 11(4): 64. 1956.BASIONYM: Ricinus communis Linnaeus, forma erythrocladus Müller Argoviensis 1866. 
Ricius communis subvar. macrophyllus Ricinus communis Linnaeus, subvar. macrophyllus (Müller Argoviensis) T. Carvalho, Anais Junta Invest. Ultramar 11(4): 64. 1956.BASIONYM: Ricinus communis Linnaeus, forma macrophyllus Müller Argoviensis 1866. 
Ricius communis subvar. pruinosus Ricinus communis Linnaeus, subvar. pruinosus (Müller Argoviensis) T. Carvalho, Anais Junta Invest. Ultramar 11(4): 41. 1956.BASIONYM: Ricinus communis Linnaeus, forma pruinosus Müller Argoviensis 1866. 

Specimens

Country State County Date Specimen Notes Image
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 04 Dec 1960 F. C. Craighead s.n.
USA Florida Lee Co. 26 Jan 1974 S. Todd 109
USA Florida Orange Co. 28 May 2001 S. Myers 113
USA Florida Brevard Co. 13 Jan 2003 J. E. Tear 2117
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 02 Dec 1973 P. Genelle 1699
USA Florida Pasco Co. 19 Jan 2004 C. vanHoek WB0450
USA Florida Lee Co. 15 Mar 1954 G. R. Cooley 2571
USA Florida Volusia Co. 06 Feb 2005 J. M. Kunzer 926
USA Florida Broward Co. 30 Apr 1959 W. C. Sturtevant 95
USA Florida Hendry Co. 04 May 1958 G. R. Cooley 6232
USA Florida Manatee Co. 06 Jun 1984 G. Robinson 626
USA Florida Gilchrist Co. 25 Oct 1985 B. F. Hansen 10810
USA Florida Broward Co. 19 Oct 1985 B. F. Hansen 10546
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 05 Dec 1987 G. Fleming 3907
USA Florida Broward Co. 09 Jun 1989 M. A. Vincent 4189 Sheet 2 of 2.
USA Florida Broward Co. 09 Jun 1989 M. A. Vincent 4189 Sheet 1 of 2.
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 10 Nov 1977 J. W. Gregory 64
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 12 Mar 1983 G. Fleming 3460
USA Florida Hendry Co. 02 Jul 1981 G. Robinson 389
USA Florida Lee Co. 28 Oct 1978 R. P. Wunderlin 6196
USA Florida Highlands Co. 24 Oct 1978 A. Fulton 231
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 10 Feb 1976 B. Mack 57
USA Florida Broward Co. 20 Nov 1977 C. G. Willett 124
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 02 Jan 1943 A. E. Perkins s.n.
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 21 Mar 1965 D. Laker s.n.
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 15 Nov 1993 B. F. Hansen 12633
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 12 May 1993 B. F. Hansen 12157
USA Florida Indian River Co. 10 Feb 2001 S. Myers 65
USA Florida Lee Co. 11 Mar 1954 G. R. Cooley 2566
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 14 Aug 2007 A. R. Franck 297
USA Florida Glades Co. 28 Sep 2009 A. R. Franck 1489
USA Florida Brevard Co. 15 Nov 2010 P. A. Schmalzer 10-83
USA Florida Martin Co. Dec 1988 R. O. Woodbury s.n.
USA Florida Orange Co. 30 Nov 2011 D. H. Williams 2780
USA Florida Seminole Co. 21 Jul 2012 D. H. Williams 3212
USA Florida Lake Co. 17 Nov 2012 S. Myers 760
USA Florida Polk Co. 16 Nov 2010 W. D. Longbottom 14503
USA Florida St. Lucie Co. 24 Dec 2012 S. Myers 855
USA Florida Seminole Co. 21 Jan 2013 S. Myers 890
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 08 Sep 2012 D. Hilbert 152
USA Florida Sarasota Co. 23 Jan 2014 D. Griffin OS0660
USA Florida Osceola Co. 27 Dec 2013 S. Myers 1250
USA Florida Hendry Co. 19 Jan 2015 S. Myers 1624
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 17 Feb 1964 D. W. Buden 4
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 18 Sep 1990 D. M. Hart 9-90-22 CULTIVATED. Castor Bean.
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 26 Jul 1970 D. Burch 3785 CULTIVATED.
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 29 Oct 1967 H. W. Barrick 44
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 1966 J. C. Gaitan 3
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 17 Apr 1966 J. L. Behler 35
Bahamas Great Abaco Island 16 Dec 1979 R. P. Wunderlin 8489
Cayman Islands Grand Cayman Island 24 Aug 1971 N. Chevalier 203
Puerto Rico ComerĂ­o Municip. 25 Nov 1981 B. F. Hansen 9354
Bahamas Eleuthera Island 31 Dec 1969 W. H. Lewis 7537
St. Vincent & the Grenadines St. Vincent Charlotte Par. 13 Mar 1962 G. R. Cooley 8507
USA Florida Polk Co. 11 Apr 2016 J. R. Campbell 197
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 29 Oct 1967 H. W. Barrick 44
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. Feb 1964 N. Woessner 40
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 1967 L. O. Pelej 70
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 10 May 1964 M. H. Weinfeld 88
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 28 May 1972 M. J. Andrejko 187
USA South Carolina Greenville Co. 12 Aug 1967 C. L. Rodgers 67164
USA North Carolina Stokes Co. 02 Oct 1958 A. E. Radford 41387
USA Louisiana New Orleans Par. 14 Feb 1954 D. Demaree 34655
First Page Previous Page Next Page Last Page
Records per Page: