Mirabilis jalapa

Family:NYCTAGINACEAE
Species:Mirabilis jalapa L.
Common Name:FOUR-O'CLOCK; MARVEL-OF-PERU
Status:Not Native, FACU (NWPL)
Specimen: View details of USF Herbarium specimens

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

Division
Class
Sub Class
Order CARYOPHYLLALES
FamilyNYCTAGINACEAE
Genus Mirabilis
Species Mirabilis jalapa L. - FOUR-O'CLOCK; MARVEL-OF-PERU

Citation

Citation MIRABILIS JALAPA Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 177. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: INDIA: Without data (lectotype: LINN 240.2). Lectotypified by K. Larsen, in Morat, Fl. Cambodge 24: 108. 1989.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Alachua USF  
Brevard USF  
Broward USF  
Calhoun FSU  
DeSoto USF  
Duval GH  
Escambia UWFP  
Hernando USF  
Highlands FTG  
Hillsborough USF  
Jefferson FSU  
Lake USF  
Leon FSU  
Madison FSU  
Manatee FLAS  
Miami-Dade USF  
Monroe Keys USF  
Orange USF  
Pinellas USF  
Seminole USF  

Synonyms

– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Admirabilis peruana Admirabilis peruana Nieuwland, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 3: 280. 1914, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Mirabilis jalapa Linnaeus 1753. 
Jalapa congesta Jalapa congesta Moench, Methodus 508. 1794.BASIONYM: Mirabilis jalapa Linnaeus 1753. 
Mirabilis jalapa forma eujalapa Mirabilis jalapa Linnaeus, forma eujalapa Heimerl, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 21: 617. 1896, nom. inadmiss.BASIONYM: Mirabilis jalapa Linnaeus 1753. 
Mirabilis pedunculata Mirabilis pedunculata Stokes, Bot. Mat. Med. 1: 311. 1812, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Mirabilis jalapa Linnaeus 1753. 
Nyctago hortensis Nyctago hortensis Dumont de Courset, Bot. Cult. 1: 654. 1802, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Mirabilis jalapa Linnaeus 1753. 
Nyctago jalapa Nyctago jalapa (Linnaeus) de Candolle, Fl. Franc. 3: 426. 1805.BASIONYM: Mirabilis jalapa Linnaeus 1753. 
Nyctago versicolor Nyctago versicolor Salisbury, Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 57. 1796, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Mirabilis jalapa Linnaeus 1753. 
Jalapa dichotoma Jalapa dichotoma Crantz, Inst. Rei Herb. 2: 266. 1766  
Jalapa officinalis Jalapa officinalis Crantz, Inst. Rei Herb. 2: 266. 1766.  
Jalapa undulata Jalapa undulata Moench, Suppl. Meth. 196. 1802, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Mirabilis dichotoma Linnaeus 1762, nom. illegit.; Mirabilis odorata Linnaeus 1755. 
Mirabilis ambigua Mirabilis ambigua Trautvetter, Linnaea 15(Litt. Ber.): 97. 1841. TYPE: Cult. in Russia, without data (holotype: KW).
Mirabilis dichotoma Mirabilis dichotoma Linnaeus, Sp. Pl., ed. 2. 252. 1762, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Mirabilis odorata Linnaeus 1755. 
Mirabilis divaricata Mirabilis divaricata Lowe, Trans. Cambridge Philos. Soc. 4: 17. 1831.  
Mirabilis jalapa forma odorata Mirabilis jalapa Linnaeus, forma odorata (Linnaeus) Heimerl, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 21: 616. 1896.BASIONYM: Mirabilis odorata Linnaeus 1755. 
Mirabilis jalapa subsp. ciliata Mirabilis jalapa Linnaeus, subsp. ciliata Standley, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 12: 368. 1909. TYPE: MEXICO: Oaxaca: Valley of Oaxaca, 1 Oct 1894, Smith 791 (holotype: MO).
Mirabilis jalapa subsp. lindheimeri Mirabilis jalapa Linnaeus, subsp. lindheimeri Standley, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 12: 368. 1909. TYPE: TEXAS: Comal Co.: New Braunfels, Jun 1846, Lindheimer 158 (lectotype: MO; isolectotypes: MO). Lectotypified by Le Duc, Sida 16: 640. 1995.
Mirabilis jalapa subsp. volcanica Mirabilis jalapa Linnaeus, subsp. volcanica Standley, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 12: 367. 1909. TYPE: MEXICO: Distrito Federal: Pedregal, 19 Aug 1896, Pringle 6433 (holotype: F; isotypes: GH, MO, US).
Mirabilis jalapa var. ambigua Mirabilis jalapa Linnaeus, var. ambigua (Trautvetter) Choisy, in de Candolle, Prodr. 13: 428. 1849.BASIONYM: Mirabilis ambigua Trautvetter 1841. 
Mirabilis jalapa var. lindheimeri Mirabilis jalapa Linnaeus, var. lindheimeri (Standley) Cory, Rhodora 38: 405. 1936.BASIONYM: Mirabilis jalapa Linnaeus, subsp. lindheimeri Standley 1909. 
Mirabilis jalapa var. planiflora Mirabilis jalapa Linnaeus, var. planiflora (Trautvetter) Choisy, in de Candolle, Prodr. 13(2): 428. 1849.BASIONYM: Mirabilis planiflora Trautvetter 1840. 
Mirabilis jalapa var. procera Mirabilis jalapa Linnaeus, var. procera (Bertoloni) Choisy, in de Candolle, Prodr. 13(2): 428. 1849.BASIONYM: Mirabilis procera Bertoloni 1839. 
Mirabilis lindheimeri Mirabilis lindheimeri (Standley) Shinners, Field & Lab. 19: 175. 1951.BASIONYM: Mirabilis jalapa Linnaeus, subsp. lindheimeri Standley 1909. 
Mirabilis odorata Mirabilis odorata Linnaeus, Cent. Pl. 1: 7. 1755. TYPE: MEXICO: Without data (lectotype: LINN 240.1). Lectotypified by Le Duc, Sida 16: 640. 1995.
Mirabilis pedunculata var. alba Mirabilis pedunculata Stokes, var. alba Stokes, Bot. Mat. Med. 1: 312. 1812.  
Mirabilis planiflora Mirabilis planiflora Trautvetter, Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg 6: 216. 1840. TYPE: Cult. in Russia, without data (holotype: KW).
Mirabilis procera Mirabilis procera Bertoloni, Novi Comment Acad. Sci. Inst. Bononiensis 3: 15, t. 1. 1839. TYPE: Cult. in Italy, without data (lectotype: Bertoloni, Novi Comment. Acad. Sci. Inst. Bononiensis 3: t. 1. 1839). Lectotypified by Le Duc, Sida 16: 640. 1995.
Nyctago mirabilis Nyctago mirabilis J. Saint-Hilaire, Expos. Fam. 1: 212, t. 37. 1805. TYPE: MEXICO: Without data (lectotype: J. Saint-Hilaire, Expos. Fam. 1: t. 37. 1805). Lectotypified by Le Duc, Sida 16: 640. 1995.
Trimista levigata Trimista levigata Rafinesque, Autik. Bot. 12. 1840.  

Specimens

Country State County Date Specimen Notes Image
USA Florida Monroe Co. 07 Aug 1966 R. W. Long 2211
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 26 Jun 1977 P. Genelle 2886
USA Florida Lake Co. 23 Sep 1979 R. F. Daubenmire s.n.
USA Florida DeSoto Co. 29 Nov 1962 D. B. Ward 3202
USA Florida Brevard Co. 15 Aug 2007 S. Blissett-Clark 1/2
USA Florida Alachua Co. 22 May 2001 W. S. Judd 8006
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 18 Oct 1999 J. Myers 533
USA Florida Seminole Co. 19 Oct 2004 W. D. Longbottom 5494
USA Florida Hernando Co. 16 Oct 1983 R. P. Wunderlin 9449
USA Florida Broward Co. 24 Oct 2000 P. L. Howell 434
USA Florida Hernando Co. 18 May 1965 O. K. Lakela 28651
USA Florida Pinellas Co. 25 Apr 1971 P. Genelle 690
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 21 Oct 1985 B. F. Hansen 10722
USA Florida Seminole Co. 24 Aug 2012 D. H. Williams 3264
USA Florida Orange Co. 02 Nov 2012 D. H. Williams 3431
USA Florida Miami-Dade Co. 22 Sep 2001 K. A. Bradley 2114
USA Maryland Howard Co. 08 Jul 1986 S. R. Hill 16894 CULTIVATED.
Dominica St. Paul Par. 28 May 1994 S. R. Hill 25617 CULTIVATED.
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 04 Sep 1990 D. M. Hart 9-90-7 CULTIVATED.
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 07 Jul 1970 D. Burch 3728 CULTIVATED.
USA Florida Orange Co. July 1970 D. Burch 3727 CULTIVATED.
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. July 1971 D. Burch 4199 CULTIVATED.
USA Florida Hernando Co. June 1971 D. Burch 4918 CULTIVATED.
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. 26 Jul 1970 D. Burch 3978 CULTIVATED.
USA Florida Hillsborough Co. July 1970 D. Burch 3726 CULTIVATED.
Puerto Rico Barranquitas Municip. 25 Nov 1981 B. F. Hansen 9338
Puerto Rico 17 May 1970 M. Meagher 197
USA North Carolina Alamance Co. 10 Oct 1956 G. S. Ramseur 2587
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