Oplismenus hirtellus

Family:POACEAE
Species:Oplismenus hirtellus (L.)P.Beauv.
Common Name:WOODSGRASS; BASKETGRASS
Plant Notes:Native to the Americas, O. hirtellus s.str. appears to be recently introduced to Florida. It can be recognized by its larger leaves (blades > 4 cm long by 1-2 cm wide) and larger racemes (rachis lower racemes > 1 cm long with usually more than 8 spikelets).
Status:Not Native, FAC (DEP), FAC (NWPL), T (WAP)
Specimen: View details of USF Herbarium specimens

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

Division
Class
Sub Class
Order POALES
FamilyPOACEAE
Genus Oplismenus
Species Oplismenus hirtellus (L.)P.Beauv. - WOODSGRASS; BASKETGRASS

Citation

Citation OPLISMENUS HIRTELLUS (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, Ess. Agrostogr. 54. 1812.
Basionym: Panicum hirtellum Linnaeus 1759.
Type: Without data, Arduino 53 (lectotype: LINN 80.27). Lectotypified by Scholz, Monogr. Gatt. Oplismenus 103. 1981.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Source

CountyHerbariaLiterature Citation (If Applicable)
Broward USF  

Synonyms

– Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. Show these synonyms only

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Hippagrostis hirtella Hippagrostis hirtella (Linnaeus) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 777. 1891.BASIONYM: Panicum hirtellum Linnaeus 1759. 
Milium undulatifolium Milium undulatifolium Moench, Methodus 202. 1794, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Panicum hirtellum Linnaeus 1759. 
Oplismenus parvifolius Oplismenus parvifolius Kunth, Revis. Gramin. 45. 1829, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Orthopogon parvifolius Nuttall 1818, nom. illegit.; Panicum hirtellum Linnaeus 1759. 
Orthopogon hirtellus Orthopogon hirtellus (Linnaeus) Nuttall, Gen. N. Amer. Pl. 1: 55. 1818.BASIONYM: Panicum hirtellum Linnaeus 1759. 
Orthopogon parvifolius Orthopogon parvifolius Nuttall, Gen. N. Amer. Pl. err. 1818, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Panicum hirtellum Linnaeus 1759. 
Panicum hirtellum Panicum hirtellum Linnaeus, Syst. Nat., ed. 10. 870. 1759. TYPE: Without data, Arduino 53 (lectotype: LINN 80.27). Lectotypified by Scholz, Monogr. Gatt. Oplismenus 103. 1981.
Panicum nuttallianum Panicum nuttallianum Steudel, Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2. 2: 260. 1841, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Orthopogon parvifolius Nuttall 1818, nom. illegit.; Panicum hirtellum Linnaeus 1759. 
Hippagrostis loliacea Hippagrostis loliacea (Lamarck) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 777. 1891.BASIONYM: Panicum loliaceum Lamarck 1791. 
Oplismenus africanus Oplismenus africanus Palisot de Beauvois, Fl. Oware 2: 14. 1810. TYPE: NIGERIA: Without data, Palisot de Beauvois s.n. (lectotype: G). Lectotypified by Scholz, Monogr. Gatt. Oplismenus 118. 1981.
Oplismenus africanus var. capensis Oplismenus africanus Palisot de Beauvois, var. capensis (Hochstetter) Stapf, in Thiselton-Dyer, Fl. Cap. 7: 417. 1899.BASIONYM: Oplismenus capensis Hochstetter 1846. 
Oplismenus aristulatus Oplismenus aristulatus Burcham, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 30: 419. 1948. TYPE: NEW BRITAIN: Bitokara Mission, Talasea, 22 Apr 1944, Burcham 138 (holotype: US).
Oplismenus bakeri Oplismenus bakeri Schinz, in T. Durand & Schinz, Consp. Fl. Afric. 5: 771. 1894.BASIONYM: Oplismenus bromoides Baker 1885, non (Lamarck) Palisot de Beauvois 1812. 
Oplismenus brasiliensis Oplismenus brasiliensis Raddi, Agrostogr. Bras. 40. 1823. TYPE: BRAZIL: Rio de Janeiro: Corcovado, s.d., Raddi s.n. (lectotype: PI; isolectotype: FI). Lectotypified by Baldini & Longhi Wagner, Taxon 55: 476. 2006.
Oplismenus bromoides Oplismenus bromoides Baker, J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 21: 452. 1885, non (Lamarck) Palisot de Beauvois 1812. TYPE: MADAGASCAR: Without data, Baron 3213 (holotype: K?).
Oplismenus capensis Oplismenus capensis Hochstetter, Flora 29: 114. 1846. TYPE: SOUTH AFRICA: Knysna, s.d., Krauss s.n. (lectotype: W). Lectotypified by Scholz, Monogr. Gatt. Oplismenus 113. 1981.
Oplismenus chondrosioides Oplismenus chondrosioides E. Fournier, Mexic. Pl. 2: 39. 1886. TYPE: MEXICO: Withou data, Liebmann 367 (lectotype: C). Lectotypified by Scholz, Monogr. Gatt. Oplismenus 104. 1981.
Oplismenus compositus var. imbecillis Oplismenus compositus (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, var. imbecillis (R. Brown) F. M. Bailey, Queensland Grasses 19. 1888.BASIONYM: Orthopogon imbecillis R. Brown 1810. 
Oplismenus compositus var. loliaceus Oplismenus compositus (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, var. loliaceus (Lamarck) Hackel , in Stuckert, Anales Mus. Nac. Buenos Aires 6: 438. 1906.BASIONYM: Panicum loliaceum Lamarck 1791. 
Oplismenus depauperatus Oplismenus depauperatus E. Fournier, Mexic. Pl. 2: 38. 1886. TYPE: MEXICO: Veracruz: Orizaba, 1853, Mueller 2019 (lectotype: NY). Lectotypified by Scholz, Monogr. Gatt. Oplismenus 118. 1981.
Oplismenus hirtellus forma imbecillis Oplismenus hirtellus (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, forma imbecillis (R. Brown) Scholz, Monogr. Gatt. Oplismenus 127. 1981.BASIONYM: Orthopogon imbecillis R. Brown 1810. 
Oplismenus hirtellus forma lanceolatus Oplismenus hirtellus (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, forma lanceolatus Scholz, Monogr. Gatt. Oplismenus 132. 1981. TYPE: AUSTRALIA: New South Wales: Between Wolumba and Merimbula, S of Bega, s.d., Pullen 4039 (holotype: L).
Oplismenus hirtellus forma loliaceus Oplismenus hirtellus (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, forma loliaceus (Lamarck) Stehle, Caribbean Forest., Suppl. 6: 283. 1945.BASIONYM: Panicum loliaceum Lamarck 1791. 
Oplismenus hirtellus subsp. acuminatus Oplismenus hirtellus (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, subsp. acuminatus (Mez ex Peter) Scholz, Monogr. Gatt. Oplismenus 111. 1981.BASIONYM: Oplismenus hirtellus (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, var. acuminatus Mez ex Peter 1938; Panicum acuminatissimum Steudel 1853. 
Oplismenus hirtellus subsp. capensis Oplismenus hirtellus (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, subsp. capensis (Hochstetter) Scholz, Monogr. Gatt. Oplismenus 113. 1981.BASIONYM: Oplismenus capensis Hochstetter 1846. 
Oplismenus hirtellus subsp. fasciculatus Oplismenus hirtellus (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, subsp. fasciculatus Scholz, Monogr. Gatt. Oplismenus 118. 1981. TYPE: ZAIRE: Ituri, Semliki a l'est de Beni, s.d., Humbert 8993 (holotype: B).
Oplismenus hirtellus subsp. imbecillis Oplismenus hirtellus (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, subsp. imbecillis (R. Brown) Scholz, Monogr. Gatt. Oplismenus 127. 1981.BASIONYM: Orthopogon imbecillis R. Brown 1810. 
Oplismenus hirtellus subsp. japonicus Oplismenus hirtellus (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, subsp. japonicus (Steudel) Scholz, Monogr. Gatt. Oplismenus 133. 1981.BASIONYM: Panicum japonicum Steudel 1846. 
Oplismenus hirtellus subsp. loliaceus Oplismenus hirtellus (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, subsp. loliaceus (Lamarck) Mez ex Peter, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 40(1A): 219. 1938.BASIONYM: Panicum loliaceum Lamarck 1791. 
Oplismenus hirtellus subsp. microphyllus Oplismenus hirtellus (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, subsp. microphyllus (Honda) Scholz, Monogr. Gatt. Oplismenus 137. 1981.BASIONYM: Oplismenus microphyllus Honda 1930. 
Oplismenus hirtellus subsp. psilostachys Oplismenus hirtellus (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, subsp. psilostachys (Honda) Scholz, Monogr. Gatt. Oplismenus 138. 1981.BASIONYM: Oplismenus psilostachys Honda 1927. 
Oplismenus hirtellus subsp. tsushimensis Oplismenus hirtellus (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, subsp. tsushimensis (Honda) Scholz, Monogr. Gatt. Oplismenus 145. 1981.BASIONYM: Oplismenus tsushimensis Honda 1924. 
Oplismenus hirtellus subsp. undulatifolius Oplismenus hirtellus (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, subsp. undulatifolius (Arduino) Scholz, Monogr. Gatt. Oplismenus 147. 1981.BASIONYM: Panicum undulatifolium Arduino 1764. 
Oplismenus hirtellus var. acuminatus Oplismenus hirtellus (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, var. acuminatus Mez ex Peter, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 40(1A): 220. 1938.BASIONYM: Panicum acuminatissimum Steudel 1853. 
Oplismenus imbecillis Oplismenus imbecillis (R. Brown) Roemer & Schultes, Syst. Veg. 2: 487. 1817.BASIONYM: Orthopogon imbecillis R. Brown 1810. 
Oplismenus imbecillis var. morrisonensis Oplismenus imbecillis (R. Brown) Roemer & Schultes, var. morrisonensis Honda, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 38: 190. 1924. TYPE: TAIWAN: Without data, Kawakami & Mori 1845 (holotype: TI).
Oplismenus japonicus Oplismenus japonicus (Steudel) Honda, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 38: 189. 1924.BASIONYM: Panicum japonicum Steudel 1846. 
Oplismenus loliaceus Oplismenus loliaceus (Lamarck) Palisto de Beauvois, Ess. Agrostogr. 54, 168, 170. 1812.BASIONYM: Panicum loliaceum Lamarck 1791. 
Oplismenus microphyllus Oplismenus microphyllus Honda, J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo, Sec. 3, Bot. 3: 274. 1930. TYPE: JAPAN: Honshu: Itsukushima Island, 1924, Ogawa 6 (lectotype: TI). Lectotypified by Scholz, Monogr. Gatt. Oplismenus 137. 1981.
Oplismenus minus Oplismenus minus Merrill, Philipp. Govt. Lab. Publ. 17: 9. 1904. TYPE: PHILIPPINES: Luzon: Mt. Mariveles, Oct 1903, Merrill 3203 (holotype: W).
Oplismenus psilostachys Oplismenus psilostachys Honda, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 41: 377. 1927. TYPE: TAIWAN: Buizan-Zyagan, 1918, Matuda-Bizi 287 (holotype: TI).
Oplismenus setarius var. imbecillis Oplismenus setarius (Lamarck) Roemer & Schultes, var. imbecillis (R. Brown) Bentham ex Hackel, in Warburg, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 13: 259. 1891.BASIONYM: Orthopogon imbecillis R. Brown 1810. 
Oplismenus tsushimensis Oplismenus tsushimensis Honda, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 20: 360. 1924. TYPE: JAPAN: Kyushu: Prov. Tsushima, 1901, Hirata 39 (holotype: TI).
Oplismenus undulatifolius Oplismenus undulatifolius (Arduino) Roemer & Schultes, Syst. Veg. 2: 482. 1817.BASIONYM: Panicum undulatifolium Arduino 1764. 
Oplismenus undulatifolius var. imbecillis Oplismenus undulatifolius (Arduino) Roemer & Schultes, var. imbecillis (R. Brown) Hackel, Philipp. Govt. Lab. Publ. 25: 82. 1905.BASIONYM: Orthopogon imbecillis R. Brown 1810. 
Oplismenus undulatifolius var. japonicus Oplismenus undulatifolius (Arduino) Roemer & Schultes, var. japonicus (Steudel) Koidzumi, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 39: 302. 1925.BASIONYM: Panicum japonicum Steudel 1846. 
Oplismenus undulatifolius var. lanceolatus Oplismenus undulatifolius (Arduino) Roemer & Schultes, var. lanceolatus Domin, Biblioth. Bot. 85: 329. 1915. TYPE: AUSTRALIA: Queensland: Without data, Domin s.n. (holotype: PR?).
Oplismenus undulatifolius var. microphyllus Oplismenus undulatifolius (Arduino) Roemer & Schultes, var. microphyllus (Honda) Ohwi, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 55: 546. 1941.BASIONYM: Oplismenus microphyllus Honda 1930. 
Oplismenus undulatifolius var. mollis Oplismenus undulatifolius (Arduino) Roemer & Schultes, var. mollis Domin, Biblioth. Bot. 85: 329. 1915. TYPE: AUSTRALIA:
Orthopogon africanus Orthopogon africanus (Palisot de Beauvois) Sweet, Hort. Brit. 448. 1827.BASIONYM: Oplismenus africanus Palisot de Beauvois 1812. 
Orthopogon imbecillis Orthopogon imbecillis R. Brown, Prodr. 194. 1810. TYPE: AUSTRALIA: Without data, Brown 6133 (holotype: K; isotypes: E, LE).
Orthopogon loliaceus Orthopogon loliaceus (Lamarck) Sprengel, Syst. Veg. 1: 306. 1824.BASIONYM: Panicum loliaceum Lamarck 1791. 
Orthopogon undulatifolius Orthopogon undulatifolius (Arduino) Sprengel, Syst. Veg. 1: 306. 1824.BASIONYM: Panicum undulatifolium Arduino 1764. 
Orthopogon undulatus Orthopogon undulatus Link, Hort. Berol. 1: 202. 1827, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Panicum undulatifolium Arduino 1764. 
Orthopogon velutinus Orthopogon velutinus (G. Meyer) Sprengel, Syst. Veg. 1: 306. 1824.BASIONYM: Panicum velutinum G. Meyer 1818. 
Panicum acuminatissimum Panicum acuminatissimum Steudel, Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 45. 1853. TYPE: INDIA: Without data, Wight s.n. (holotype: W).
Panicum africanum Panicum africanum (Palisot de Beauvois) Poiret, in Lamarck, Encycl., Suppl. 4: 275. 1816.BASIONYM: Oplismenus africanus Palisot de Beauvois 1810. 
Panicum balfourii Panicum balfourii Baker, Fl. Mauritius 438. 1877, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Panicum acuminatissimum Steudel 1853. 
Panicum barbifultum Panicum barbifultum Hochstetter ex Schlechtendal, Linnaea 31: 307. 1861- 1862. TYPE: INDIA: Mt. Nilafiri, s.d., Hohenacker 1279 (holotype: ?; isotype: HBG).
Panicum imbecille Panicum imbecille (R. Brown) Trinius, Sp. Gram. 2: t. 191. 1829.BASIONYM: Orthopogon imbecillis R. Brown 1810. 
Panicum japonicum Panicum japonicum Steudel, Flora 29: 18. 1846. TYPE: JAPAN: Without data, Goering s.n. (holotype: P?).
Panicum kraussii Panicum kraussii Steudel, Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 45. 1853.BASIONYM: Oplismenus capensis Hochstetter 1846. 
Panicum loliaceum Panicum loliaceum Lamarck, Tabl. Encycl. 1: 170. 1791. TYPE: PHILIPPINES: Without data, Commerson s.n. (holotype: P?).
Panicum raddianum Panicum raddianum Steudel, Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 45. 1853.BASIONYM: Oplismenus brasiliensis Raddi 1823. 
Panicum undulatifolium Panicum undulatifolium Arduino, Animad. Bot. Spec. Alt. 14. 1764. TYPE: Without data, Arduino s.n. (holotype: M; isotype: C).
Panicum velutinum Panicum velutinum G. Meyer, Prim. Fl. Esseq. 51. 1818. TYPE: SURINAM: Sophienburg, s.d., Meyer s.n. (holotype: LE?).
Poecilostachys bakeri Poecilostachys bakeri (Schinz) C. E. Hubbard, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1935: 307. 1935.BASIONYM: Oplismenus bakeri Schinz 1895; Oplismenus bromoides Baker 1885, non (Lamarck) Palisot de Beauvois 1812. 
Poecilostachys bromoides Poecilostachys bromoides Stapf, Hooker's Icon. Pl. 31: pl. 3071. 1916, nom. illegit.BASIONYM: Oplismenus bakeri Schinz 1895; Oplismenus bromoides Baker 1885, non (Lamarck) Palisot de Beauvois 1812. 
Setaria hirtella Setaria hirtella Schultes, Mant. 2: 276. 1824.  

Specimens

Country State County Date Specimen Notes Image
USA Florida Broward Co. 13 Jun 2013 P. L. Howell 1231
USA Louisiana Union Par. 17 Aug 1955 J. A. Moore 6312
USA Louisiana St. Bernard Par. 07 Oct 1978 J. Utley 6194
USA South Carolina Jasper Co. 27 Aug 1979 D. E. Boufford 21662
USA Georgia McIntosh Co. 17 Sep 1956 W. H. Duncan 20541
USA Georgia Chatham Co. 22 Sep 1968 J. Swanberg s.n.
USA Louisiana St. Tammany Par. 12 Oct 1987 MacGregor 626
USA South Carolina Colleton Co. 12 Oct 1956 H. E. Ahles 21046
USA South Carolina Charleston Co. 10 Sep 1992 S. R. Hill 24258
Trinidad & Tobago Trinidad 28 Nov 1912 A. S. Hitchcock 602
Jamaica Surrey Co. Kingston Par. 07 Oct 1912 A. S. Hitchcock 600
Puerto Rico Cayey Mun. 18 Nov 1981 B. F. Hansen 9088
Dominica St. Paul Par. 26 Jul 1992 S. R. Hill 23942
St. Vincent & the Grenadines St. Vincent St. Patrick Par. 18 Jan 1962 G. R. Cooley 8187
Trinidad & Tobago Trinidad 27 Nov 1912 A. S. Hitchcock 601
Honduras Olancho Dept. 12 Mar 1972 C. H. Nelson 365
Panama Canal Zone Prov. 15 Dec 1911 A. S. Hitchcock 424
Mexico Morelos 10 Sep 1910 A. S. Hitchcock 423
Ecuador Pichincha Prov. 29 Jul 1980 B. F. Hansen 7886
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